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Policy brakes fast mobile network 5G

The three mobile operators Swisscom, Sunrise and Salt have bought in a auction of additional mobile frequencies. You pay the Federal government a total of nearly 380 million Swiss francs. The frequencies you need, the next Generation phone to introduce technology in Switzerland. This can be more than a Gigabit per second are transmitted. All three vendors want to provide their customers with 5G quickly. Whether the work, however, is unclear.

The reason for this is the regulation on non-ionizing radiation. You know, in contrast to our neighbouring countries in addition to the actual ambient air quality limit value of an investment limit. This is in Switzerland, ten times lower than the exposure limit value in the neighboring countries. It applies to places where people stop regularly over a longer period of time. This includes residential rooms, offices, classrooms, children's playgrounds, or hospitals. The Federal Council shall specify this limit in a regulation, and could customize it so on his own. Federal councillor Doris Leuthard was, however, the backing of the Parliament. Twice a corresponding proposal failed by one vote in the Council of States, last updated a year ago.

Controversial measurement

the second Problem is the measurement of the radiation. According to the regulation is measured to the Maximum. The new 5G technology is able to look after the need to align and to direct the power where it is needed. The power peaks that exceed the allowable Maximum, however, brings. The mobile service provider to that of the average is measured to the Maximum.

The opponents, for example, the Thurgauer CVP-Councillor Brigitte Häberli-Koller, argued that it is not certain whether the radiation is harmless. It is a Monitoring of the Federal government through the radiation exposure and a report of the world health organization (WHO), which will provide an overall review on the health risks is lacking. Proponents, such as, for example, the Zurich Council of States Ruedi Noser argued in vain that there is no scientific evidence that mobile phone radiation are harmful. Voting in the Council of States, the Front pass was across all parties.

On the country, it is rather possible 5G to introduce, without exceeding the existing limits.

last September, Doris Leuthard, set up a working group under the leadership of the Federal office for the environment. You should analyze needs and risks in the development of 5G networks and to mid-2019, a report with recommendations to write. Councillor of state Häberli finds that this report is for the time being, to be seen: "At the starting position, nothing has changed." The existing concerns could not simply be wiped away. Since the need for amendments to the regulation as a consultation, it is likely to go, even in the case of a recommendation by the working group at least until the end of 2020.

The delay has consequences: Because many of the existing antennas with more power used will have to be built more new antennas, especially in the cities, where, according to Swisscom achieved performance of 90 per cent of the antennas already the limit. For the mobile phone user, this means that you have to wait especially longer on the high-speed network.

Easier on the Land

On the country, it is rather possible 5G to introduce, without exceeding the existing limits. In the case of the network operators, the higher costs are also incurred. "Without an easing of the limits we are not able to use the full potential of 5G," said Swisscom spokesman Sepp Huber. A rapid and widespread Expansion of 5G is not due to the strict limits, particularly in the urban centres of "virtually possible," said Sunrise spokeswoman Séverine de Rougemont.

Swisscom remains, however, that she wants to make by the end of 2019 in 60 municipalities 5G "selectively available". Salt wants to offer "from the third quarter of this year," 5G. Sunrise is aiming for a "comprehensive world-class 5G-network", but no date.

(editing Tamedia)

Created: 08.02.2019, 21:39 PM

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