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Part-time unemployment act 2 : Why impose so many rewards for businesses ?
Le Figaro

According to the latest figures from Dares, more than 12 million workers have benefited from measures of partial unemployment since the 17 march, (this may be less if you speak in full-time equivalent). The cost for march and April would be $ 8.5 billion, according to our information, far short of the $ 24 billion voted.

read also : part-time Unemployment, PSE, assisted contracts, offers of employment... the impact of the crisis on the labour market is still as violent

Until the end of may, the unemployment benefits have been supported by the State and Unédic amounting to 70% of gross earnings for a full-time basis), or approximately 84% of the net salary at full-time. This compensation was paid to the employers, then loaded to pay the "wages" to 84% of the former salary.

While the economy is improving (slowly), the system is designed to extinguish. Thus, from the 1st of June, if nothing changes for the employees who remain in part-time unemployment, the support by the State goes to 70% of the gross remuneration of their employees to 60%. The remaining 15% of the compensation will have to be supported by employers.

part-time Unemployment under conditions

Here for June. But then ? Then we pass to the partial unemployment under certain conditions.

By an amendment to the draft law "relating to various provisions related to the health crisis," which has just been adopted in the mixed joint committee, the government puts in place a new device " alternative to the activity partial in order to support companies undergoing a sustained decline in activity, potentially beyond the end of the year 2020 ".

The challenge of this new "regime of activity partial specific" ? Until June 30, 2022, it will modulate the activity of the company in order to limit the layoffs. The device should reduce the time of work in some sectors where activity is reduced, with a support of hours not worked (total or partial, it is yet to be decided) by the State and Unédic.... Provided that it ensures the retention of jobs, as specified by the minister of Labour, Muriel Pénicaud.

in Concrete terms, the financial participation of the State will be more important in the case of agreement between the company and its social partners. If absence of collective bargaining, a "plan of reduced activity for the maintenance in employment" may be established by the employer, but will be controlled by the regional directorates for companies, competition, consumption, labour and employment (Direccte) in order to verify "the adequacy of measures taken with the situation of the company "and the" consultation of the economic and social committee " (SSC). Conditions that increase a little more the weight of the trade unions in the company.

Agreements of collective performance

another system, " agreement of collective performance ", exists since 2017 to allow companies to adapt to a crisis point : employers can negotiate, temporarily, the increase of the time for work, or lower wages, or the elimination of bonuses with the social partners. If an agreement is reached, the employer must commit to not laying off any employees. A promise almost untenable, so that as from 2017, only 300 agreements have been concluded.

In the German industry, the device activity partial can be activated as soon as a sector is in crisis, and without the burden of preserving jobs in the face ; it is to help the sector in a crisis, temporary, and to save the maximum of jobs. This system has also been triggered in the automotive sector in September 2019. The companies "in crisis" may apply for partial unemployment for up to 12 months and the federal government will provide up to 67% of the loss of salary.

read also : can A company require its employees a lower compensation ?

In a period where we know that the national wealth shrinks by 11%, it is difficult to understand why so many counterparties are being imposed on companies in France.

Le Figaro

The Macronomètre, the observatory of reforms in the government, is a site of the Fondation iFRAP in partnership with Le Figaro. It is a tool dedicated to the assessment of the quinquennium of Emmanuel Macron: econometric evaluation in relation to its electoral programme and announcements of his government. With The Macronomètre, the action of the government is to be marked out of 10 each Wednesday prior to the council of ministers and becomes readable in a single glance. The Macronomètre allows each to make a notice on the holding or not of the promises of the president of the Republic and on the effectiveness of the reforms of the government.

The editorial team conseilleUn employee in part-time unemployment in four believes that his relationship with his employer is affaiblieSujetschômage partial Macronomètre2 commentairesP'tit Lule 03/06/2020 18:20

Always gas plants to the French. In the end a lot of companies will bankruptcy because they simply have more money to pay all these expenses while the business is still largely off, and unemployment will explode.

krampouz56le 03/06/2020 18:17

criticize just to Criticize...
She wants what's AVM? That the State pays 85% of the wages while the employees continue to work, even for companies that make profits???
The participation of the state needs to avoid layoffs and to ensure the increase in margins for the distribution of dividends!!!

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