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Justice: the objectives of the expenditure that is not required of the government

last march, the government is committed, through an act of


program of reform of the Justice 2018-2022, to invest certain amounts in our legal system. The problem is that, every year, it spends less than initially forecast: € 22 million less in 2018 and € 9 million less in 2019. And in 2020, it will be worse.

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The budget by 2020, under discussion in Parliament provides for the dropping out of the appropriations Justice of nearly 200 million euros compared to the initial programming. The special rapporteur of the national Assembly stipulates: "the forecast for 2020 is slightly less than that of the act of programming. Appropriation of payments except in the CASE of pensions were to increase by 0.3 billion euros to 7.7 billion euros. They would grow eventually 0.21 billion euros at constant field to reach € 7.5 billion and 0.29 billion euros at the field current to achieve 7,58 billion euros."

The differences unrecognized past caught up with

The message is clear: the government will not meet its objectives of expenditures in the Justice and this, in the second year of its programming. Worse, it chooses not to make up the differences in the past. It follows that for 2020, and in spite of the ambitious programming withholding in march 2019, the increase of the population size (agents to full - time FTES) the mission Justice will be significantly below the given path. The difference is, very specifically, -100 FTE for the second year since the execution of 2018 was also highlighted an under-execution of the scheme of employment of 100 FTE. But this time this sub-calibration takes place as soon as the programming.

in Concrete terms this translates into the fact that by 2018, the prison administration has hired 353 officers less than expected. And on the side of the programming prison and individual cells? The act of programming in march 2019, provided for the creation of 7,000 places of prison new and the maintenance of the existing fleet up to 2022, prior to the installation of 8000 additional seats, to be completed in 2027. It should be remembered that the succession of building programmes - "25,000 seats" in 1987, "4000" places in 1995, "13.200 places" in 2002, "device capacity" in 2004, "new real estate program" in 2011, the building programs of 63.500 seats in 2012 and 3200 seats in 2014 - has led to an increase of the capacity of the park of 28,000 seats net. The others have not seen the light of day and it may well replay the game in the same way, the programs cannibalisant each other.

The penal policy as an adjustment variable

the stated objective of The government is yet to reach a park prison 66.765 seats in 2022: to be +7000 places in 2018, and the budget 2020 a target of overcrowding of prisons and neighborhoods of stops, which would fall from 138% in 2019 to 135%, which is still quite timid. In reality, everything is based on a"flow" of incarceration less rapid than that of the creation of places new (as was already the case during the previous quinquennium). A bet in which the only variable of adjustment is the criminal policy and the procedures of decriminalisation and alternatives to incarceration in an open environment (the electronic bracelet, etc).

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It is therefore said that the administration discount rather make adjustments and recharacterizations of places already existing, or that the deliveries envisaged and not provided will not be sufficient to absorb by-sector the entire flow again in 2020. If you stick to the first three budgets of this government, the act of programming will not be respected and the fight against prison overcrowding will remain a vain word.

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