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Fiscal crisis hitting hard against the welfare in rural areas

If Sweden had a system with värdesäkrade government grants, these grants increase by 17.5 billion up to the year 2022. The remaining 25,5 billion would be the local government sector in so cases, be responsible for, if not the state would have to contribute additional funds, the SALAR has been found.

Flyttströmmarna from rural areas is a fact. There is growing proportion of older people, which costs municipalities the most because they need health care. Basically, it is only in the big cities as the population of working age is expected to increase over the next 20 years.

is depopulated sparsely populated areas. And rural distress is the lack of venues, cafes, restaurants, education, experiences, and a variety of culture and lifestyles – such as the leisure time interesting for the 18-35-year-olds moving from there towards the cities.

– It has most of the politicians completely missed, " says Charlotta Mellander, professor in economics at the University of Jönköping, sweden.

She believes that Januariavtalet, which contains several points to “the whole of Sweden shall grow”, shoots at the side of the case. It promised things like that the trains should go in time and financial support to the company.

– Sure, the companies need support, but the 73-point program says nothing about the quality of life that should be available for those who choose to stay in one place. Or how far the maximum shall be to a school, " says Charlotta Mellander.

Read more: What happens to Sorsele when the area depopulated?

almost half of Sweden's 290 municipalities have lost inhabitants. The move across the municipality border is an overwhelming majority in the age group 18 to 35 years. That the inhabitants of this age group move is the concrete reason for dispersed settlements difficulties.

Link to the graphics

the Problems can be described as a negative spiral where the asset to the education, health, police, shops and restaurants are shrinking as the population declines. When it happens, it leads to further avstanning of the activities in the municipality and so on.

How young adults think and what they find attractive in the place they are moving to, therefore, should be of the greatest interest. According to the studies already made, it means access to education and a good job is not everything. Even lifestyle factors play a role and what they can do in their spare time.

the perspective of the quality of life that the problem should be tackled, according to Charlotta Mellander, one of Sweden's foremost experts on regional development.

the Right questions have to be asked in order to secure the quality of life for those who want to stay in rural areas.

– Residents pay a high council tax and expect to have school and doctor on site and that the police station is not 15 miles away when one had a break-in.

It can be inflammatory to the question do not have a clear rättviseaspekt, according to the professor. Is it fair to bet money, where almost nobody lives? Instead of focusing resources on the challenges that major cities face? Or is it more fair to invest tax dollars where get live and no market forces will solve the problems

– The most straight would be to answer questions such as how far it is reasonable to go for medical care. What it may cost and how much of the budget should go to it, " says Charlotta Mellander.

she thinks, has politicians so far conspicuous by its absence.

the Municipalities are facing a continuous challenge. Structurally, it is Sweden's greatest challenge, and affects everything: education, health, integration and the police.

She is sure that the issue will be current in every single election in the future.

– It is Sweden's largest minority people who live in rural areas. The residents have chosen it, but feel that no one takes their party. They don't feel seen by the politicians in the traditional parties. Then it can pop up parties that we do not know today, that people in rural areas vote for, " says Charlotta Mellander.

It has already happened in the USA, when Donald Trump became president. A clear distinction between how the electorate voted in favour was how densely populated the place was. The sparser, the more votes for Trump.

– With the Brexit was it in the same way, the line to leave the EUROPEAN union had strong support in the smaller places, compare Charlotta Mellander.

Read more: Storlien – on the way to becoming The Ullared?

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