Sigmund Freud's departure from Vienna into exile in London was a rescue at the last Minute. Hitler's troops were on 14. In March 1938 Austria is invaded, the people had cheered, resistance to be missing. "Finis Austriae" had quoted Freud laconically in his Journal: The end of Austria. The same circuit immediately began. Anti-Semitic brutalities escalated, and Carl Zuckmayer was shocked about the "witch-Sabbath of the mob".
on the 15. March appeared SA men at Freud's door-to-door, to his art collection to confiscate. His wife, Martha, to appease you with 6000 shilling from the purse. You would come back, announced the men. On the same day, armed SA forced to open people Freud's son Martin, head of the International psychoanalytic publishing house, the Safe in the publishing house and stole the contents. Freud's daughter Anna was at 22. March 1938 out of the parents house picked up and for 24 hours by the Gestapo, interrogated. You came only because an American Secretary at the Embassy had turned on.
know about the "Reich flight tax" of 31.329 Reichsmark
On the 16. March, the aged and suffering from cancer, Freud had, even if reluctantly, the Emigration to London decided to bring his family in safety. Decades later, the Freud Museum was created in his London house. To 2018, the exhibition "Leaving today – the Freud in Exile in 1938, recalled," the desperate time of farewell. Meanwhile, this exhibition has moved to Berlin, where she is to continue until the end of February under the title "Freud's escape to England: An eerie return" in the library of the International psychoanalytic University (IPU).
The cultural studies scholar Maria Saur, for three years, an employee of the London Museum, had developed the idea of exile-exhibition and is curated by the Berlin-based Show that has to give up for safety reasons on the originals. Impressively, however, the excellent photographs, facsimiles of letters, for example, of Einstein or H. G. Wells, and the documents that are part of see for the first Time publicly, after they were promoted from the recesses of London's Freud Museum to the fore. To loose know about the "Reich flight tax" of 31.329 REICHSMARK, tried to extort the Regime of the spouses is part of the shame. Associative of the exhibition are begotten of the works of the British artist Paul Coldwell, a fragile-looking x-Ray of Freud's coat.
A patient in the family has caused in Vienna
Freud's former patient and now an active supporter of Marie Bonaparte was in March 1938, from Paris to Vienna, traveled, and had been forced to emigrate. Your financial aid triggered the plundering of the family, their interventions at the highest levels ensured that Freud Had was his moving to London. On 4. June 1938 broke out of Freud, and their faithful housekeeper Paula Fichtl to London via Paris.
In the weeks before, a colleague of Freud's, had instructed the young Jewish photographer Edmund Engelmann (1907 – 2000) to take photographs of Freud's apartment so that one day, "a Museum for the birthplace of psycho-analysis" could arise. Engelmann succeeded in fleeing to the USA, and after the war, Freud's daughter Anna received the Negative, to which posterity owes the most emblematic pictures from Vienna: Freud's Couch, the Desk, his collection of ancient and Egyptian figurines, the doorplate with his name. Of the Berggasse19 in Vienna, Freud with Martha and Anna in the new address was now 20, Maresfiled Gardens in London. The "last address on the planet", he would have, as Freud wrote. The press all over the world, in America, India, and even Madagascar, reported on the Exodus of Freud, and a harrowing Collage of newspaper clippings throws in the exhibition of the highlights in the headlines.
Four sisters of Freud were not able to escape from the Germans murdered
However, four out of five of the sisters of Freud, Rosa, Mitzi, Dolfi, Paula, in spite of all the efforts. Your life ended in 1942 and in 1943, in Theresienstadt and Treblinka. Also your portraits are, in addition to many family members and companions, to see in the exhibition. 23. September, died in 1939, Freud in London after a serious illness. From the murder of his sisters, the family learned only after the end of the war.More about
exile in the Second world war When London was the capital of EuropeJulia Eichenberg
Up to 21. February in the International Psychoanalytic University (IPU), power straße 1, d-10555 Berlin ( Mo. to Fri. from 9 to 21 h, Sat. 11 to 17 o'clock). Guides compatible at [email protected]