In the week's vote by the EUROPEAN parliament for new rules to stop the disaster with the plastic in the environment and in our oceans. The rules developed at record speeds is a first step. Now it is clear that the producers of packaging must take responsibility even when the packaging is likely to be rubbish. In addition, the producers of the cigarettes had a clear responsibility for the fimparna. We now urge the government to go ahead and make a reality of the EU directive in Sweden as well as introducing several powerful measures against the plastic who are at risk in the wild.
. Production of plastic began have ever since the 50's has increased at a furious pace, and today are more than 400 million tonnes of plastic per year. Up to the year 2015 is estimated to 6 300 million tonnes of plastic waste have arisen globally and that 79 per cent of this waste is left in either landfills or as trash in the outdoors.
Nobody wants scratchy, and when we ask people if they litter, they say vast majority, no. But still, there is trash almost everywhere – from the Kebnekaise peak, along our coasts, in the oceans, and in our cities. And so it looks – the world over. We find plastic garbage everywhere. In countries without effective waste management is a major problem. But even in countries with well-functioning infrastructure ports quantities of waste outside the system and become debris. Why have we become so careless with our waste?
Nobody wants scratchy, and when we ask people if they litter, they say vast majority, no. But still, there is trash almost everywhere – from the Kebnekaise peak, along our coasts, in the oceans, and in our cities.
The global and comprehensive environmental disaster with plastic in the environment is now quite well-known. In our floats more than 150 million tons of plastics around. And it just fills up. Only on the west coast corresponds to the skräpmängd flowing in around 120 bath per day. The mediterranean sea has the highest concentration of plastic waste in the world – four times larger than the giant plastic soup in the north-east Pacific ocean. All this plastic makes the harm in the oceans.
most of It comes from land via rivers and the winds. Much of this plastic consists of items that are only used for a short time before they are thrown away. Around 40 per cent of all plastics produced is used for disposable packaging, which also tops the lists of the most common debris in the sea. Only one-third of Europe's total plastic waste, 27 million tons are recycled.
it is of course not a bad thing when it comes to plastic. Plastic has revolutionized our lives in many ways – it is a fantastic material with many unique properties. However, if the plastic ends up in the environment, set it to large problems. Plastic that ended up in the ocean remains there for hundreds, perhaps thousands of years. The plastic can also cause damage to land and aquatic animals, and after the fragmented it to mikroplaster can eventually end up on our mattallrikar. To stop the flow of plastic to the nature, is a difficult challenge and not an easy thing to fix.
We have become accustomed to cheap, easy, and practical products and packaging of plastic. When we used the plastprodukten has no greater value, and therefore is not recycled in such a high degree. At the same time we consume more food and goods in plastic packaging. Sweets and confectionery packages are a couple of example of plastic, which often ends up in nature, and which can also harm the animals.
the Realization of the environmental disaster has created an enormous interest throughout the world and a series of initiatives invites you to concrete acts against the plastskräpet. At the UN miljömöte (UNEA) now in days there was a unique opportunity for the world's countries to agree to pursue an ambitious international policy to stop the leakage of plastic into nature, and to push for a mandate to develop a globally binding agreement with the goal to stop emissions of plastics to the environment and get a 100% recovery and recycling of plastic waste by 2030. In many parts of the world have different plastförbud and other measures already in place to stop the plastic from ending up in nature.
Within the EU, a new legislation with the prohibition and other measures against disposable plastics produced in record time. In the new legislation, it is clear that the producers of packaging have a responsibility for these when they are at risk to become junk. In addition, the manufacturers of cigarettes had a clear responsibility for the fimparna with filters that litter. However, it is many years before the legislation needs to be implemented in Sweden.
In Sweden, has appointed the former government of a state plastutredning which adds depth of knowledge about the problem of plastic in the nature. It is in a hurry and with the state investigation in the back and all the other knowledge on the authorities and the other organisations we have great opportunities to go ahead. Before the formation of the government in January came the political parties agreed that Sweden should be a driving force within the EU when it comes to the phasing out of unnecessary engångsplast.
It is important to ensure that the work against plastic waste in our environment continues and is strengthened. It is time for the government to take the lead within the EU and globally in the effort to stop the release of the plastic.
We call on the government to:
• Pursuit of the UN mandate to prepare a globally binding agreement with the goal to stop emissions of plastics to the environment and get a 100% recovery and recycling of plastic waste by 2030.
• Go ahead and introduce immediately current prohibitions and actions against unnecessary engångsplast.
• make sure that producers and companies in the whole value chain, taking a holistic approach and reduces the use of virgin plastics. Plastic that is produced should be of high quality with a value of återvinningsmarknaden. The consumption of virgin plastic must down and the resource is taken care of better waste management systems.
• Introduce measures so that more plastics are recycled , and that the recycled plastic will have a greater value.
• creating a national resource for the coordination of plastfrågan in accordance with the state plastutredningens proposal.
• Allow manufacturers to capture a larger share of avfallskostnaderna ; the environmental impact of litter should be included in the price of, for example, packaging, goods and transport.
• make it easier for consumers to make the right by, for example, ensure that there are alternatives to unnecessary disposable plastics and to provide waste separation for packaging on the town and other places where many people are present.
• develop a roadmap for a circular economy for Sweden to 2030.
It is high time to act decisively to stop the plastföroreningen in Sweden and the world. Let Sweden go ahead in this work!