About 15 years, Sweden can have high-speed rail that runs at 320 kilometers per hour and departing every six minutes from Stockholm in the south. Then it takes 2 hours to Gothenburg and 2.5 hours to Malmö.
Maria Börjesson belong to the critics who came down hard against the project.
"I assume from the Swedish transport administration's official decision-making basis and in accordance with the may community just 25 sek 100 sek invested," says Maria Börjesson, and continues:
– There is an awful lot of money, and research shows that they systematically underestimate the costs and overestimate the benefits of large train projects.
located in the förespråkarnas interest to underestimate the costs – because ”you can't leave a halvbyggd path when the money is over”.
One of the reasons for the benefits, according to her, is not greater is that relatively few trips are made over long distances in Sweden,
" Only two per cent of all trips in the country is long-distance, it would have been better to build out the commuter train traffic in large cities instead of höghastighetsjärnvägen. By the way, if there is a shortage of capacity in the day: why not putting the operators into longer trains? It is quite possible, " she says.Maria Börjesson, professor at the Swedish national road and transportinstitut. Photo: the Swedish national road and transportinstitut.
choose high-speed trains instead of domestic flights, she gives not much because flights account for only a small part of the emissions in Sweden.
– the Emissions that the actual construction would give rise to is also great. Therefore, it is more klimateffektivt to use what already exists as well as possible, points out the professor at the Swedish national road and transportinstitut.
the Swedish transport administration concludes in a report from the 2017 to the conclusion that emissions during the construction period is expected to be earned after ten, twelve years.
Overall, the high-speed rail is not worth betting on, according to Maria Börjesson, as assumed from the surface in Trafikverket's compilation, based on an analysis model used in Sweden and internationally for a long time.
the claim that much of the benefits on large projects, as in the construction of the höghastighetsbanorna will never arrive with the analysis model that Sweden uses. Among other things, the low another method to calculate the benefits of the Öresund bridge was built. But Maria Börjesson believe that the model used in this case is good.
– And it is a great advantage that we expect in the same way in all projects, " she says.
France and the European investment bank has, however, come to other conclusions – and used other models before the decision is made to build snabbjärnväg in Europe.
a strukturomvälvande project benefits samhällsutvecklare. In order to succeed with this, says its advocates, requires a broad basis for analyses, for example, to analyze economic growth, business development, matchningseffekt in the labour market and productivity performance of firms.
Sweden is a member of the European investment bank, and has free been offered the opportunity to use their analysis tools. Why can't it be done?
the øresund bridge was highly profitable, with the Swedish transport administration's analytical model. We are way ahead of the game with models in Sweden and cooperates with the united kingdom. Maybe it is the European investment bank should learn from us in place, " says Maria Börjesson.
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