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Carl Johan von Seth: Finnish medborgarlönen can influence the debate about the Swedish a-cash

Friday's report was really an appetizer for the evaluation of Finland's two-year experiment with basic income. So far, researchers have only a few of the figures from the program's first year.

But here are several interesting things. In the group that received the ”guaranteed income” – 560 euros a month between 2017 and 2018 – seems employment not have been particularly radical. However, life seems to have changed in other ways. Stress reduction and more experienced a better health.

The most eye-catching result is that the basinkomsten gave many a stronger belief in the future and greater self-confidence. Also trust in other people and to the politicians increased.

the Problem with the Finnish experiment is that you never tested a universal basic income. There was a certain group of unemployed were randomly selected and received a guaranteed payout over the two years. They have been compared to others in a similar situation.

How the large majority of people would be affected by a basic income, we will not, therefore, to get to know.

It is highly unlikely that Finland is faced with a real basic income. Parties seem not interested. The support in the electorate is also weak when you ask questions about specific proposals. Last year released the OECD also report that showed that a basinkomstreform in Finland would increase poverty.

Before the Finnish parliamentary elections in april is bidragsfrågorna at the same time hot. The system is extremely complicated, with over 100 different benefits. Parties interested in increasing the employment, simplify, and overcome with what in Finland is called ”flitfällan” – and in many cases it does not pay to start working. Basinkomstförsöket can influence the debate.

Other countries will also watch the results. According to januariavtalet to Stefan Löfvens government will soon begin a reform of the unemployment fund. The question will surely Finnish figures to be used as the argument – from several sides.

Read more: Finnish experiments with a guaranteed minimum income had better health

Got the basic income in two years – writing about the years as a guinea pig

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