In 2017 died in the United States alone, 5.977 pedestrians and collisions. The American non-profit organisation Insurance Institute for Highway Safety considered that a test is needed to determine whether the braking systems work properly. On a test track were three scenarios to invent. the
The first test included a dummy of adult size that is already overhanging the way, and so in the path of an oncoming vehicle arrives. “The most common type of accident in which a pedestrian is involved,” says research leader David Aylor. For the second test was a kinderdummy and two parked cars. The dummy is to the front of the last parked vehicle and runs suddenly on to the streets. “The nightmare of every parent,” says Aylor, a father himself. For the last review ran a dummy close to the edge of the road. He runs in the same direction as the future traffic behind him. the
The tests were performed in dry weather by daylight, with three-speed run: 12, 25 and 37 miles per hour (mph), are converted, respectively, to 19.3 ; 40,2 and 59,5 km/h.
At the four SUVS that have a ‘very good’ ratings were given and the five cars that if ‘good’ were assessed, it was in each of the three test scenarios a considerable reduction in speed is measurable. Two models came as best out of the bus. Both the most recent Subaru Forester like the Toyota RAV4 got the dummies in all of the trials not. With the eleven models was only one of American origin. The Chevrolet Equinox received a good rating.
at the bottom dangles the X1 from BMW. In no test was the German car to include. This is despite their Daytime Pedestrian Detection . In the test with the pedestrian on the edge of the road, slowed down the X1 completely. In the other scenarios was only a minimal reduction in speed can be observed. The Mitsubishi Outlander did slightly better and got only the assessment ‘sufficient’.