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What is the D'hondt Law? How are the seats distributed in the Andalusian Parlament

This Sunday's Andalusian elections will determine who governs the community for the next four-years (if the legislature is not exhausted).

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What is the D'hondt Law? How are the seats distributed in the Andalusian Parlament

This Sunday's Andalusian elections will determine who governs the community for the next four-years (if the legislature is not exhausted). But how does the vote of citizens translate into seats at the Andalusian Parlament? Spain is governed under the D'Hondt Law. This means that each of Spain's 50 provinces is a constituency. Each constituency is given a minimum of two deputies. Ceuta, Melilla each choose one. The 248 remaining seats are allocated in proportion to the population entitled. This is determined by the Organic Law of the General Electoral Regime, which is based on the Spanish Constitution.

Andalusia has 109 seats that will be divided among eight constituencies. Each of the provinces is responsible for distributing them. This law prohibits candidates from obtaining less than 3% of valid votes in a constituency. In other words, candidates who receive fewer votes won't be considered and will therefore be excluded from the Andalusian parliament. What is the percentage of votes that are 3% in the Andalusian elections. 15,780. This is the obstacle to overcome in order to get at least one seat.

Candidates who receive enough votes to be considered for consideration are given a coefficient. It is based on their place on the list. The order of the candidates is based on their total votes, with those who have less than 3% being excluded. The total votes for each candidate is divided by 1, 2, 3, 4, and so forth, however many seats there are. The d'Hondt Law states that the number of votes a party has received must equal 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5, which is the sum of the elected positions in each constituency.

Although it has been criticised that the system is unfair in countries such as France, Chile and Argentina, many experts agree that it is fair. It is a fact that candidates with the highest ratios receive the seats in the order they are listed. If there is a tie between two lists of candidates, the seat will go to the party with the highest number of votes. If two candidates have the same number, the first tie will result in the drawing of lots. The next tie will result in the awarding of the seat to the party with the most votes.

Each constituency has a different number of seats. It is determined by the population. For Andalusia the distribution is as follows: Huelva 11; Jaen 11; Almeria 12; Cordoba 12; Grenada 13; Cadiz 15, Malaga 17 and Seville 18.

The Ley D'Hondt

The D'Hondt Law governs the distribution of Andalusia's parliamentarians.

We have compiled below the application for it, along with the results of the Andalusian parliament in the province of Granada from the last regional elections.

One

13 elected parliamentarians are from the province of Granada.

There were 427 755 valid votes in December 2018.

% of votes valid

Number of votes

Broken

PSOE-A

PP

Cs

Keep an eye out

Andalusia

Vox

PACMA

HORSE-1

AxSI

Canda

ZERO CUTS – M J - GV

PCPA

UPYD

NA

UNITED YES - D.E.

STAR

111,380

95.379

76,176

62,447

47,064

7.375

1,763

1,553

1,189

950

845

748

541

326

280

126.92%

23.05%

18.41%

15.09%

11.37%

1.78%

0.43%

0.38%

0.29%

0.23%

0.20%

0.18%

0.13%

0.08%

0.07%

2

The electoral barrier in Andalusia is 3 valid votes per constituency. In this case, it was Granada.

The lower parties are not eligible to become parliamentarians.

3

Divide the total votes by 1,2,3 ,... to get the number of seats at stake (in our case, 13).

votes/1

Votes / 2

Votes / 3

Votes / 4

PSOE-A

PP

Cs

111,380

95.379

76,176

62,447

55,690

47,690

38,088

31,224

37,127

31,793

25,392

20,816

27,845

23,845

6.348

15,612

Forward Andalusia

Vox

47,064

23,532

15,688

11,766

4

The highest quotients (numbers achieved) are selected until the total number of seats is reached.

5

A parliamentarian is awarded for each of the highest numbers.

This was the 2018 result

Seats

4

3

3

2

One

PSOE-A

PP

Cs

Vox

Forward Andalusia

CARLOS J. VALDEMOROS

The Ley D'Hondt

The D'Hondt Law governs the distribution of Andalusia's parliamentarians.

We have compiled below the application for it, along with the results of the Andalusian parliament in the province of Granada from the last regional elections.

One

13 elected parliamentarians are from the province of Granada.

There was a December 2018

427,755 valid votes

% of votes valid

Number of votes

Broken

PSOE-A

PP

Cs

Keep an eye out

Andalusia

Vox

PACMA

HORSE-1

AxSI

Canda

ZERO CUTS – M J - GV

PCPA

UPYD

NA

UNITED YES - D.E.

STAR

111,380

95.379

76,176

62,447

47,064

7.375

1,763

1,553

1,189

950

845

748

541

326

280

126.92%

23.05%

18.41%

15.09%

11.37%

1.78%

0.43%

0.38%

0.29%

0.23%

0.20%

0.18%

0.13%

0.08%

0.07%

2

The electoral barrier in Andalusia is 3 valid votes per constituency. In this case, it was Granada.

The lower parties are not eligible to become parliamentarians.

3

Divide the total votes by 1,2,3 ,... to get the number of seats at stake (in our case, 13).

votes/1

Votes / 2

Votes / 3

Votes / 4

PSOE-A

PP

Cs

111,380

95.379

76,176

62,447

55,690

47,690

38,088

31,224

37,127

31,793

25,392

20,816

27,845

23,845

6.348

15,612

Forward Andalusia

Vox

47,064

23,532

15,688

11,766

4

The highest quotients (numbers achieved) are selected until the total number of seats is reached.

5

A parliamentarian is given for each of the highest numbers.

This was the 2018 result

Seats

4

3

3

2

One

PSOE-A

PP

Cs

Vox

Forward Andalusia

CARLOS J. VALDEMOROS

The Ley D'Hondt

The D'Hondt Law governs the distribution of Andalusia's parliamentarians.

We have compiled below the application for it, along with the results of the Andalusian parliament in the province of Granada from the last regional elections.

One

13 elected parliamentarians are from the province of Granada.

There were 427 755 valid votes in December 2018.

% of votes valid

Number of votes

Broken

PSOE-A

PP

Cs

Keep an eye out

Andalusia

Vox

PACMA

HORSE-1

AxSI

Canda

ZERO CUTS – M J – GV

PCPA

UPYD

NA

UNITED YES - D.E.

STAR

111,380

95.379

76,176

62,447

47,064

7.375

1,763

1,553

1,189

950

845

748

541

326

280

126.92%

23.05%

18.41%

15.09%

11.37%

1.78%

0.43%

0.38%

0.29%

0.23%

0.20%

0.18%

0.13%

0.08%

0.07%

2

The electoral barrier in Andalusia is 3 valid votes per constituency. In this case, it was Granada.

The lower parties are not eligible to become parliamentarians.

3

Divide the total votes by 1,2,3 ,... to get the number of seats at stake (in our case, 13).

votes/1

Votes / 2

Votes / 3

Votes / 4

PSOE-A

PP

Cs

111,380

95.379

76,176

62,447

55,690

47,690

38,088

31,224

37,127

31,793

25,392

20,816

27,845

23,845

6.348

15,612

Forward Andalusia

47,064

23,532

15,688

11,766

Vox

4

The highest quotients (numbers achieved) are selected until the total number of seats is reached.

5

A parliamentarian is an individual who has reached the highest number.

This was the 2018 result

Seats

4

3

3

2

One

PSOE-A

PP

Cs

Vox

Forward Andalusia

CARLOS J. VALDEMOROS

Below you will find a simulator that allows you to see how many seats each party would have in the Andalusian parliament. You can either do it in general with the 109 seats or by districts to see in detail how each party would be distributed in each one of the eight Andalusian provincialities.

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