At the request of the Ministry of Culture and Historical Heritage the Governing Council agreed to register the New Charter of Baza, an iconic document dating back to the 15th century, as a Property of Cultural Interest (BIC) in the General Catalog of Historical Heritage. This emblematic document is of great cultural and historical value to the Andalusian community because of its antiquity, origin and cultural values. The process to ensure that the document is protected by the Andalusian government began two years ago.
The New Forum of Baza, an organic municipal charter, is presented on ten pages with no pagination. It contains the entire legal system that the municipality was run in 1494, the year it was granted to the Council of the city by the Catholic Monarchs. This makes it one of the city's main documents.
This writing regulated local life by establishing a set of norms and privileges that gave it a unique identity with respect to other areas and territories.
Contrary to other charters granted in the Catholic Monarchs' name, the original is a solemn diploma from Royal Chancellery. It preserves the entire text, handwritten signatures of monarchs, and the plate seal. Its significance extends beyond historical and legal value to include documentary, ethnological, and social values as it is an example of the slow transformation of local life and the municipal political structure.
Protective and, in this instance, the seal specifically.
The New Forum of Baza has 33 articles. It contains some ordinances that regulate organizational rules of the municipality.
Administrative and where privileges and exemptions granted its inhabitants are collected in order to facilitate settlement.
The New Law of Baza was more than a forum in medieval style. It is a type of great ordinance that regulates the powers and functions of the town council, the days it meets, the number of elections and the form of office election.
This document, which appears in the protection folder, is crucial to understand and comprehend the historical reality and evolution of the written local laws of cities during the Castilian Middle Ages. It also demonstrates its historical and legal importance.