Nearly half of this increase in capacity comes from the commissioning in spring 2022 of the first offshore wind farm in France, off Saint-Nazaire, according to statistics from the Ministry of Energy Transition, published Friday on its website. site.
As of June 30, 2022, the French wind farm thus reached a power of 20.0 gigawatts (GW), far behind the country's objective of producing 24.1 GW of wind electricity by the end of 2023.
The wind power sector, which deplores in particular the slowness in issuing authorizations, had only gained one GW over the whole of 2021.
In addition, wind electricity production, which represents 7.8% of French electricity consumption, fell sharply compared to the second quarter of 2021 (-11%), "due to more unfavorable wind conditions", after the Department of Data and Statistical Studies of the Ministry.
On the solar PV park side, only 1.098 GW of electricity was connected in the first six months of 2022, compared to 1.534 GW in the same period of 2021.
“This slowdown in newly connected power is explained by a higher proportion of low-power plant connections this semester,” explains the service.
In total, the power of the photovoltaic solar park reaches 15.2 GW, against a target set in the law of 20.1 GW at the end of 2023.
The production of photovoltaic solar electricity increased by 32% compared to the first half of 2021, representing 3.8% of French electricity consumption over the period.