Maryna Viazovska, a Ukrainian mathematician, was awarded the 2022 Fields Medal Tuesday. This is the equivalent to the Nobel Prize. Viazovska, a professor at Federal Polytechnic School of Lausanne, Switzerland, was awarded the 2022 Fields Medal for her solution to the problem of compressing spheres with as little space as possible. This is in 8 and 24 dimension.
Each four years, the award is presented at the International Congress of Mathematicians to scientists aged under 40. Viazovska is second among 60 women to have received one of the 60 medals since 1936. Viazovska is the second woman to receive one of the 60 medals since 1936. The first was Maryam Mirzakhan from Iran, who died in 2017 from cancer. She won it in 2014. Viazovska's name was in circulation in the 2018 Fields Medal edition, and it was disregarded in large part because of this disappointment. The scientific community.
The recognition this year is even more significant due to Russia's expulsion from the congress and the transfer from Saint Petersburg (Russia), to Helsinki (Finland) as a retaliation for the invasion of Ukraine in the army of Vladimir Putin. Viazovska was also honored, along with the British James Maynard and the French Hugo Duminil Copin, as well as the American June Huh.
This problem was only solved in two and three dimensions prior to the discovery of E8 (8 dimensions) in 2016. The best way to pack spheres, such as CDs or coins in two dimensions, is to use a hexagonal shape. Six coins are placed in the center and six around the coin to form a hexagon. While the simplest way to pack spheres three dimensions is to stack them in a pyramid. This is what greengrocers do with oranges on the market. Thomas Hales' 1998 demonstration was valid, but it wasn't considered valid until 2005 because it didn't make use of computers. Although it may seem obvious now, it was a problem for scientists for many years.
These problems can be solved in any dimension, from crystallography to big-data. There are many applications. It is very advanced math. These are important problems in many areas of knowledge," Clara Grima, professor of Mathematics in the Higher Technical School of Computer Engineering of Seville, and researcher of Computational Geometry using statements collected by Science Media Center Spain.
Grima focuses on the "tremendous complexity" of these problems and the "brilliant and spectacular way in which Viazovska solved them, first in dimension 8 and then together in dimension 24. Grima says, "I am happy they awarded it to Maryna because it is possible that she is one of the most brilliant mathematics minds that we have today in the 21st Century, and she's very young, she was conceived in 1984, so she has much to contribute and I hope the media will collaborate with her --and hopefully the media to cooperate with it --, a great resource for girls and boys around the world."
Viazovska's techniques for calculating the density of the packing of spheres of dimensions 8 and 24 could be used to solve the problem in other dimensions, or advance our knowledge in many other areas of science," Marta Macho Stadler, professor at the Department of Mathematics of the University of the Basque Country.