"Have you been ill for a long time and got a stubborn cough?nDå, you may have been affected by whooping cough.in recent years the disease has increased in Sweden and more and more cases of the disease have been found since 2014."
"Fever, sore throat and cough. So can you describe the majority of the diseases affecting us now during the winter months, but if the cough is sitting in a long time, and especially if it is very intense, there may be a risk that you suffered barnsjukdomen whooping cough.nSjukdomen is most serious when it affects infants but all children and young people can suffer, and despite the fact that the majority of children in Sweden are vaccinated is vaccination coverage is far from 100 percent secure."
"– Vaccineffekten declines with time. It is possible that the disease can be identified when sufficiently long time has passed. Completing the disease gives immunity for about 15 years and vaccination in approximately 6-7 years, " says Per Follin, county medical officer, Stockholm county, and continues:"
"– Breastfeeding does not protect the infant against pertussis. First, about a month after the second dose kikhostevaccin, which is normally given at the age of 5 months, develop a protection against whooping cough. After completion of the grundvaccination receives approximately 80 per cent of the vaccinated protection, " says Follin. "
"Start out as a cold"
"Whooping cough usually starts like a cold with cough, sore throat and possibly mild fever. The cough increases then and starting to get more attackvis. Children may often find it difficult to breathe, and so-called kikningar. Hostattackerna often end with the child coughs or vomits up mucus. "
"it Is easy to miss that you have whooping cough? "
"– Yes, in adults it can be easy to miss the whooping cough, then you don't always have kikningar even if the cough can be intense. For adults, pertussis is usually a mild illness with cough and possible mild fever, but sometimes you can have more intense and prolonged cough. For infants is whooping cough, a serious disease with more classic symptoms that begins with cold symptoms and cough. The cough becomes gradually more intense, and kikningar apply, and sometimes even of breathing, " says Bernice Aronsson, a Pediatrician and an investigator in the Folkhälsomyndigheten."
"Despite the fact that the disease is very contagious, you do not need to be at home during the whole course of the disease. For most it is enough that one is at home during the most intense periods."
"– can go to preschool or school so you do not need to be at home. However, you should always avoid hitting the babies, " says Follin."
"Have increased in the last years"
"During the period 2008-2013, were reported annually, approximately 200-300 cases of whooping cough. But in 2014 increased the number of cases to 703, of which 121 were infants. 2015 dropped it to 603 cases, but 2016 step it again to 679 cases."
"– Of natural reasons, so will increases in pertussis in cycles, approximately every three to five years and the increase in 2014 can largely be explained by such a natural cycle, but part of the increase may also be due to the vaccine does not provide complete protection and that the protection diminishes with time, " says Bernice Aronsson."
"Babies, who are the group at risk to suffer most severely affected by whooping cough is also the group where the highest number of cases reported, followed by children between 10-14 years. "
"there Are a large number of when it comes to whooping cough?"
"– Yes there are probably many unrecorded cases, especially among young people and the elderly who sometimes may not be as pronounced symptoms and who sometimes aren't looking for their symptoms or when they are looking for not be sampled on, " says Bernice Aronsson.n"
"All babies are offered the vaccine"
"All infants will be offered, since 1996, vaccination at three, five and twelve months of age, with påfyllnadsdos at five to six years of age. 2016 introduced a boosterdos at 14-16 years of age in order to extend the protection."
"if you Believe in a change down again now when you have introduced a boosterdos for young people from 2016?"
"– Yes, we believe that the number of cases of pertussis will reduce the in adolescents, but we do not know if this will affect the number of cases in other ages, " says Bernice Aronsson."
"Between 1979 and 1996, the vaccinated not children against whooping-cough in Sweden, but any recommendation on universal vaccination of adults against whooping cough has not Folkhälsomyndigheten neither for those who are born between between 1979 and 1996 or for those who are born earlier," says Bernice Aronsson."
"– Because the whooping cough was very common during these years, those born between 1979 to 1996, most likely had the disease and have thus gained a certain basic level of protection."
"In January 2018, reported 67 cases of whooping cough in Sweden. That compared with 79 cases in January 2017."
"When should you seek help?"
"Source: 1177.see and Folkhälsomyndigheten"