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This is TBE – tick-borne encephalitis
"This is TBE – tick-borne encephalitis"

" Last year increased the number of cases of TBE increased dramatically in Sweden. n391 cases were reported which was an increase of 64 per cent to 2016.nMen what is really TBE and how do you know if you hit?"

"TBE is a viral disease that is spread by ticks and can cause an inflammation in the brain, the meninges, or in both places. Most people who are affected will have only mild discomfort with fever and headache but more than a third of those affected get encephalitis or meningitis."

"Are mainly on the coast."

"the Infection is found mainly in Stockholm county , Södermanland county, Uppsala county coastal. and the central and eastern parts of the mälaren region. The past decade has more people infected and the geographical range of the TBE-virus has increased. For example, there is the contagion now also in the areas around lake Vänern and lake Vättern, the gothenburg area and areas in the east of Skåne."

"Even in the areas of risk, there is little risk of being infected but cases have increased dramatically in recent years. Since the beginning of the 2000s, the number of reported cases of TBE has more than doubled. This illness also occurs outside of the traditional areas of risk. Last year it was reported 391 cases to Folkhälsomyndigheten which was an increase of over 60 percent to 2016."

"You infected if you are bitten by a tick that carries the virus. The virus is present in fästingens salivary glands and can quickly be transferred by a bite. Therefore, you can be infected by TBE even if you quickly remove the tick."

"the Ticks are active when the temperature rises above four to five degrees. Last year, it was reported the first case in april and the last in december."

"Vaccination is the best protection"

"Vaccination is the best protection against TBE. It is extra important to have the vaccination if you are staying in areas with smittrisk. Children from one year of age can get the TBE-vaccination. The vaccine that is available provides good protection and has few side effects. Vacccinet is not included in the general vaccination programme.nyou need to take several injections to get full protection, therefore, it is important to start a vaccination in good time before the fästingsäsongen."

"Can take time before you get sick"

"If you become a fästingbiten notice often are not directly infected by TBE. The most common is that the disease breaks out within four to ten days after infection but it can take up to a month before the disease breaks out. In about one-third of cases spread of the infection to the brain or meninges. It can affect the central nervous system and provide difficulty in walking, speech disorders, and concentration disorders or memory disorders. A tenth of the infected get different förlamningssymtom."

"a Death in the TBE occur, but the risk is very small in Sweden. More men than women get the TBE. In children under seven years are the progression of the disease is usually milder. "

"there Is no cure."

"There is currently no way to cure TBE when it had broken out. The body has to self heal the infection. You can, however, get care for the different signs of the disease showing itself. If you get encephalitis or meningitis, you usually need hospitalization. It may take several months before you become healthy. Some suffer lasting harm after the disease.nOm, you have had the TBE once you are immune for the rest of your life."

"The first symptoms are often quite vague and general with headache, fatigue, fever and muscle aches. These symptoms usually lasts a few days or a week."

"In about a third of those infected will also spread the virus to the brain. About a week after the first symptoms have disappeared, usually when the above new symptoms come up."

"Source: Folkhälsomyndigheten, 1177.see"

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