On the Swiss apprenticeship market in the past few years, to blatant shifts. The Figures of the Federal office for statistics (BFS), has evaluated the Tamedia-data-team show. The areas of care, health and computer science are booming. Well 2500 young people, started in 2010 an apprenticeship as a professional/specialist support, it 2018 already about 3800. Do you work in a day care center, a nursing home or an Institution with impaired people.
Even the professional professional health choose today, 50 per cent more young people. In addition, another teaching professional who combines the two professions is growing, two-year certificate in teaching of health and social Affairs. 2011 created, began in 2018 and already over 1000 people this teaching.
a Few new teaching professions
Since 2010, nearly a third power in addition, more people in Switzerland for a computer science teaching. A Trend that will not stop, as the Numbers calculated by the opinion research Institute GFS Bern, exclusive to this newspaper: The "industry, technology, Science" grows strong. There were in these Occupations in the summer a year ago, 9546, new teaching points were there this summer, already 16’979. Including occupations in the metal and electrical engineering in addition to computer science.
"IT companies need skilled workers. Because you won't find these on the market, they create apprenticeships," says Serge Naughty, managing Director of the Association of ICT professional education in Switzerland. There is still a lot of autodidacts and career changers in computer science, but many of these would be retired now.
in Addition, the industry waxes faster than the skilled workers increase. To fill in the gaps, it need therefore in the future teaching positions. A forecast by the Association showed that Up to 2026 there needs to 44’000 additional skilled workers in the IT, for the moment, is still not a training course.
In contrast to countries such as Germany or Denmark to regulate employers in Switzerland the educational market. You want to create a new basic education, you need to come to the state – not Vice versa. "New professions will emerge only if there is a suffering," says Stefan Wolter, Professor of Economics of Education at the University of Bern.
Only very rarely new formations are added to the existing Canon of the approximately 230 apprenticeship occupations. Ten, according to the Secretary of state for education , research and Innovation (SERI) since 2010, among other things, the Medical technologist or the hearing aid acoustician.
"The majority of professions, develop themselves further," says Stefan Wolter. In some occupations there has been a Revolution of activity, even though they were still the same. The businessman today is more a computer scientist than the Secretary, the car mechanic, putter less on the engine and update the Software.
The Federal government checked on whether it needs a new teaching profession really. The IT newcomer Stefan Wössner criticized this in the "St. Galler Tagblatt". He wants to create the teaching profession "Frontend developer", because there are too few skilled workers, the Layouts of Websites developed. "The aspirations threaten to be lost in the circuitous coils of the Federation and the associations in the Sand," says Wössner.
educational researcher Stefan Wolter defended the Swiss System. The Federal government secure the quality of the teaching professions. Wolter is reminiscent of the aerobics wave in the 90s. "At the time, the Studios demanded an aerobics instructor teaching," he says. The SERI have not approved them to be in luck, because today a lot of aerobics would be professionals on the road.
That apprenticeships become extinct, is rare. 13 there were in 2010. Among them are the case maker and the Photo lab assistant. "There are professions for which there is no demand for more," says Irene Kriesi from the Federal University Institute for vocational education and training. Either because they are not due to technological change obsolete or because the production was relocated abroad.
reacts Much less learning, there are according to the Numbers of the BFS at the hairdressers in the cosmetics. 2018 started under 1000 Hairdressers teaching. Eight years earlier, it was still almost 1400. Damien Ojetti, President of coiffure Suisse, says: "The Association reviewed this year, the basic education and the relatively low wages."
Also in the food and hospitality industry, less and less people make a doctrine. Chefs, butchers women and restoration specialists – drops everywhere, the number of teaching. This development has continued, as the evaluations of the GFS Bern show. In the summer of 2018, there were 7571 new apprenticeships in the area of "food, hospitality, house economy". This summer, there were only 5416.
"is the gastronomy of The change," says Daniel C. Jung, Deputy Director of GastroSuisse. Last summer, the reformed basic education for Restaurant professionals started. New learners may select modules such as "Young Barista" or "Young Sommelier". "This is in response to the new needs of the market, including casual-influenced restaurant operations," says Young.
"A lesson it will never give up"
Relatively constant the KV holds. Around 14,000 learners each year, how the Association tells. The KV is the most popular teaching of young people, both women and men. Otherwise, the Top 5 of the men and the women this year differ according to the GFS but. Still men prefer technical professions women are not to Teach in the care and in the popular nursing.
the analysis of The Figures shows, however, that these stereotypes are softening, particularly in the growing industries. 2018 began, more than twice as many professional men care and health of their doctrine than in 2010. And also 40 percent more women in computer science.
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educational researcher Irene Kriesi says: "The service sector and, in particular, the medical industry and the social sector are likely to continue to grow." And everything, what have I to do with technology. As a future professional, you are called to the focus of "online trading", and the trade specialists from 2022 to choose from. Another profession that is currently being developed, is the "Building a computer scientist".
"The dream jobs do not always coincide with the demand for labour," says Stefan Wolter. Many young people said in a survey, you wanted to be an Influencer. "A lesson is never give up," he says. This market was quickly saturated.
Created: 27.11.2019, 10:57 PM