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The persistence of the leader can be challenged by the young people of Africa
"The persistence of the leader can be challenged by the young people of Africa"

"Protests against the current power rages in Algeria and the Sudan – and the frustration is rising with the growing young population."

"But countries's presidents still have good company on the continent, where half of the world's 24 at the sitting political leader."

"Black smoke rising around protesters in the Sudanese capital of Khartoum. On a flag held up by two young men is seen the figure of five, crossed out with black lines."

"Away with president Bouteflika, yells someone in the video uploaded on Twitter, followed by the slogan"

"The sudanese activists show solidarity with Algeria, which for several weeks have been demonstrating in their hundreds of thousands to demand president Abdelaziz Bouteflikas resignation."

"On the Khartums streets echoing avgångskraven in particular against Sudan's own president, Omar al-Bashir. A wave of protests has rocked the country since mid-december, after extensive subsidies on food were removed, which, among other things trefaldigade the price of bread."

"Historically and politically, the Sudan and Algeria little in common. However, the countries are governed both by the aged president, who stayed in power for decades."

"Half of the world's 24 at the sitting of the political leaders of the reigns on the african continent, according to the american news site the Axios."

"most of them have secured their power through the so-called"

"– in Addition to manipulating the constitution, these leaders are weakened or entirely removed the political opposition, " says Ibrahim Anoba, political scientist and editor of the web-based platform African Liberty, adds:" the

"– You must not forget that it was the western countries who imposed dictatorial government in the former african colonies."

"That leaders look to secure their power can also be a pure self-preservation, according to the researcher Jesper Bjarnesen at the Nordic africa institute."

"– African elections often end up in a "

"the average Age of the African political leader is 62 years. Among the fifteen at the sitting leaders, the number is much higher, 77 years of age."

"It is several decades older than the average african. The continent of Africa has the world's youngest population, with an average age of just over 19 years. If 30 years is expected to the young people of Africa, those who are up to 24 years old – have increased in number by 50 per cent, according to the UN development programme (UNDP)."

"Still have the many young africans struggling to make its voice heard," says Ibrahim Anoba:"

" In many places has been ruled out of the young by raising the lower age limit for political candidates. Young people's interests are neglected constant for the benefit of a member of the political elite."

"But the demographics may still be of importance, since a large young population is often considered crucial for the existence of the protest movements."

"When the arab spring was born in north Africa at the end of 2010 were the young people on the front lines, equipped with social media and a growing fury over the government control, and the unemployment rate. The movement overturned's leaders in the region, and spread a revolutionary spirit, that reached some parts of sub-Saharan Africa."

"In Burkina Faso and Burundi, whose leaders had been long in power, broke the big protests in 2014 and 2015."

"– I heard several young people talking about a "

"Violent resistance have also met the protesters in Sudan. Some 30 people have lost their lives since december, according to official records, but activists are talking about twice as many. Despite this, and despite the state of emergency imposed by president Omar al-Bashir on 25 February, to continue the protests."

"Sudanese activists follow the progress in Algeria closely, says Ibrahim Anoba."

" If Bouteflika is forced away, it may very well create a snowball effect, and give a boost in the Sudan. From there the step is not far to the countries such as Cameroon and Chad, " he says, but stresses that such processes can have unintended consequences."

"– Many of these leaders have tied the whole political and economic system around themselves. If they come, we risk to see the successor is even worse."

"Jesper Bjarnesen the other hand, think not on that scenario."

"– the Arab spring has in many cases been transferred to an arab winter, with the chaos in Yemen, Syria and Libya. It can act as a deterrent."

"Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo, equatorial guinea. Took office in 1979. Tenure: 40 years."

"With a bloody coup stole president Obiang in power from his uncle in 1979. With the help of the small country of Equatorial oil exports he and his family have shot themselves in both money and power, and he has appointed his son, who had been convicted in absentia for embezzlement and money laundering in France, to the vice-president. At the same time assesses Human Rights Watch that around half of the population lacks access to clean water."

"Paul Biya, Cameroon. Took office in 1982. Tenure: 37 years."

"Yoweri Museveni, Uganda. Took office in 1986. Tenure: 33 years."

"As the successor to the hardline regime of the dictator Idi Amin, who was overthrown in 1979, it is considered Yoweri Museveni's leadership, have contributed to a more stable and secure Uganda. But human rights activists and journalists testifies about the fear of persecution. Museveni has previously said that Africa's major problem is "

"Denis Sassou Nguesso, Congo-Brazzaville. Took office in 1979 and again in 1997. Time in power: the age of 34."

"Denis Sassou Nguessos time in power is divided into two periods, with a break of five years between 1992 and 1997. But allegations of human rights violations and corruption persist, despite the fact that the president as late as last year, promised to take action against financial crime. Investigations of corruption in connection with the oil deals have been opened against Sassou Nguesso and his family in a wide range of countries. 2017 started the petition #sassoufit, a pun on the French expression for "

"Omar al-Bashir, Sudan. Took office in 1993. Time in power: 30 years."

"After leading a military coup, in 1989, ousted the democratically elected Sadiq al-Mahdi, became the Omar al-Bashir Sudansde factoledare. He ascended to the presidency in 1993. Omar al-Bashir of sudan is internationally isolated after having been sought by the International criminal court (ICC) for having contributed to the genocide in Darfur."

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