Nearly one in every four young people in Switzerland is reading weak; he is unable to recognize the main idea of a text and its information is not in use. The proportion of these low achievers in reading has risen since the last Pisa study in 2015, by four percentage points to 24 percent. The 15-Year-olds achieved in the latest Pisa survey of 2018 in reading literacy, only mediocrity. Switzerland ranks 27, after Germany and France, but ahead of Italy. In the Pisa study, 15 dissolved-to-read years from 79 countries, tasks, mathematics, and natural Sciences. In Switzerland, around 6000 students in the class of 2002 were involved.
The best – if slightly worse than 2015 – cut Swiss young people in mathematics. An above-average number have achieved good or very good results. In Europe, only the Estonians are better. Also, the Swiss youth in science sections. In all three subjects, China, Singapore, and Macau to lead the list.
Swiss young people decreases according to the Pisa study, not just read worse than in the past, you also have significantly less to enjoy it. To many it is no Fun anymore, to read a literary book or a newspaper article. To the question, how often do you read in leisure time, answered more than half: "I don't read for pleasure." The are significantly more than in the year 2000. Also in the other countries studied, the reading drops of joy.
As a reason, the OECD announced the digital transformation; the Smartphone have changed the way of how people read information and exchange. "Books today are classied by the social media, Netflix, and other leisure activities competing with one another," says Dagmar Rösler, the President of the Association, teachers in Switzerland (LCH).
Would read the young people prefer, the Pisa-study, you would also understand texts better. Silvia Steiner, the President of the Swiss conference of cantonal Directors of education (EDK), says: "We have to ask ourselves how we can ensure that young people get more pleasure to read." In the cantons of a number of projects are already launched and concepts have been devised to increase the reading skills. For example, for closer cooperation between schools and libraries. But Also, the parents played an important role.
The schools today are much stronger, to the individual's needs.
For Rudolf Minsch from the business Association Economiesuisse, have borne fruit in the efforts of the schools, however, still too little. For years you have inflicted upon the school, many additional tasks – for example, two foreign languages at primary school level. It is the high German is essential for the entire educational career; here no compromises are likely.
Matthias Aebischer, SP national councillor and President of the Swiss Association for continuing education and training, out of power, meanwhile, is a "decline of language". However, the school had to fight. The students should read a lot of writing and texts that really interest you."The Best thing that can happen is that the children discover, for example, "Harry Potter" and then seven times for an average of 600 pages to read," says Aebischer.
the fact that many other countries will do when you read better, has the national Council in a statement. High German is a foreign language in Switzerland still. In France, the students would have to learn to write the way you speak. For migrants, it is in Switzerland even more difficult: high English your second language is. As the OECD report also shows, is an increase in the number of young people with a migrant background in Switzerland between 2009 and 2018 to 10 percentage points, which is above average.
in Particular, foreign children from financially vulnerable families promote cut in all subjects is below average. "We need to talk about equality of opportunity," says Dagmar Rösler from the LCH. The schools need to encourage children of preschool age. Today, girls and boys were in the nursery, and understood hardly any English, and at the same time from financially vulnerable families would be. This deficit could you catch up throughout their school career and not much more.
A further measure, already implemented, is that children and young people to solve their homework more in school and not at home, so that all have the same opportunities. "Equality of opportunity, we have never," says EDK-President Silvia Steiner. However, the schools have sought much stronger today, to the individual and to promote the capabilities of the children targeted.
Created: 03.12.2019, 21:43 PM