The crib has grown strongly. Around the turn of the Millennium, parents were on a waiting list, if you are looking for for your Newborn a place. Sometimes it took months. After the Federal government in 2003 launched its program to kick-off financing, have been created until today, in Switzerland, 60', 100 places in day-care centres and the school supplementary care facilities. Today, parents are quicker to find it – progress.
But there is a downside. The working conditions in many daycare centres (Kita) are precarious. The specialists say. As a reason they refer to lack of financial resources. Because too little resources are there, would often entrusted to people without the training, trainees or learners with tasks for which they are not prepared.
half of all daycare employees in Switzerland have not completed any education, the Association of child care Switzerland (Kibesuisse) has calculated. It graduates in the internship, learning to be the end, or employees who have not made appropriate training, and no make. You all must take care of children, but only together with a trained professional person. There is support key, which determines the numerical ratio of children and care for people.
Many of the daycare employees were under tremendous pressure: long working hours, auslaugende employment, low wages.
In the Canton of Zurich, for example, are pro eleven children – from the spring of 2020 twelve children required two caregivers. A must be formed. It is, however, that a Person was alone with the children, says Annika Butters from the Marie Meierhofer Institute for the child (MMI). The meet also young and inexperienced employees. The number of staff for financial reasons, so that in the event of failures, for example due to illness, the care key is often not adhered to could be.
Many of the daycare employees were under enormous pressure, says Annika Butters: long working hours, strenuous and auslaugende employment, low wages and a responsibility that could not afford employees without training and enough experience at all. Butters is at MMI and is responsible for early childhood development, inform staff of day-care centres. Often she hears from her students: "Yesterday I was the whole morning alone with the children."
"do I have to eat with the children?"
Estelle Thomet of Kibesuisse sees potential for improvement. "The terms and conditions of employment are, for structural reasons, is not optimal," she says. The staff was often scarce and the work load large. Time for sharing, reflection and Supervision to stay hardly any. All of this leads to dissatisfaction, high staff turnover and the exit of many young employees due to the lack of salary and career prospects. All of this affects of course also the Well-being of children: "children are instructed in their healthy development on a reliable, consistent, and familiar caregivers," says Estelle Thomet.
"The terms and conditions of employment are, for structural reasons, not optimal": Estelle Thomet of childcare services in Switzerland. Photo: PD
Dissatisfied Kita-employees – as Christine Flitner, Central Secretary at the VPOD, the trade Union of the public staff, with get a lot. Many contact her with questions such as: do I Need to work so long? When the three of us Intern work and one of the trainees – is that allowed? Do I have to eat with the children and the same as you? The leisure or work?
Also, the supervision of the manger being that is the responsibility of the cantons, will be referred to by the staff as deficient, says Christine Flitner. The inspectors would rarely appear in the day-care centres, and if so, then beautiful concepts would be presented that did not stand up to the practice.
interns were given after the completion of the internship, not as hoped a Teaching.
The view in the cantons shows that the Problem is partially recognized. In the Canton of Solothurn, the office for economy and labour has inspected 53 of the Cribs, about half of them have the wage provisions under the steps. 23 institutions, paid Intern-hourly wages of 4.40 francs, in three cases, the hourly wage was below 3 francs. In addition, the "solothurner Zeitung reported recently". Also, the inspection noted that trainees, after completion of the internship were as expected for a teaching position, but, once again, an internship attachments had to.
in the Canton of Bern, the labour market Commission has mangers and a focus on children. The a glance at their Website shows. At the beginning of 2017, the Commission has tightened the rules for internships in day-care centres. In the Canton of Zurich the office for economy and labour power is no information about whether day care centers are a critical industry. The effort to determine this, was too big, says the spokeswoman.
Cribs, such as schools financed?
According to the interviewed experts, the state would have to invest significantly more money in the care of small children. "The early childhood should be recognized as part of the education policy and Finance are politically treated," says Estelle Thomet. In their view, the state should Cribs so the financing of schools, only in this way could full a good quality is achieved. There is a need for significantly more trained daycare staff.
Annika Butters from the Marie-Meierhofer-Institut shall inform employees of day-care centres and has observed some shortcomings in the current Situation of child care. Photo: PD
Today, the Nativity of parents ' contributions, and to a lesser extent, from subsidies and grants of various kinds. Finance Responsible for the crib offerings are the cantons and the municipalities. The issue of the policy does not get the attention to the wishes of the critics. The potential for improvement is detected, including motions, templates, and reports of the last few years, however. The Unesco has recommended the start of the year, Switzerland, early child care not only quantitatively, but also qualitatively strengthened.
in Switzerland, the children are very small, when you visit a Nativity scene. Often as early as three months. In Germany and Austria they stay a year at home, in Sweden one and a half years. More important is the quality of infant care, was Annika Butters says. In the Canton of Zurich in the future with the new children and youth welfare act are cared for eight infants from two people – which in practice often can mean: a Person. "This is unsustainable," she says.
Created: 01.11.2019, 21:07 PM