Iran, Syria, North Korea, Venezuela and the Ukraine: There is no shortage of conflict in the visit of US Secretary of state Mike Pompeo in the Russian seaside resort of Sochi where he is scheduled to meet on Tuesday next to his colleagues Sergeij Lavrov also President Vladimir Putin . Even more promising is the announcement of the Ministry of foreign Affairs in Washington, Pompeo wanted to talk about "a new Era in arms control" sounds.
this topic was recently rather controversial. U.S. President Donald Trump had the INF Treaty for the prohibition of nuclear medium-range terminated weapons because of a Russian violations of the agreement. Putin replied that Russia was pulling out of the 1982 contract back – this is now in August.
Also announced the President of Russia, the development of a whole range of new carrier systems for nuclear weapons, which are used primarily to U.S. defense, outmaneuver systems and at the same time, not subject to the restrictions on strategic nuclear weapons the New START agreement, which expires in February 2021.
In its place a new, much more ambitious Deal to occur, the "all the weapons, all the warheads, all the missiles" includes, as of the end of April a high-ranking employee of the White house let it be known – and in addition to Russia, China. President Trump had issued the order, an Initiative to prepare.
New architecture of arms control
Trump even the idea launched to the public in the course of a meeting with the Chinese Vice-Premier Liu He. If the trade is settled the dispute between the two countries, it is necessary to make an agreement to reduce military spending, Trump said. "Between Russia and China and the us, we what is the all weapons, including nuclear, in the value of hundreds of billions of dollars, is ridiculous."
The goal was to arrive at a new architecture of arms control, "reflects the mentality of the Cold war", and secondary segmented adviser to the President. The dreamed to negotiate in the days of Ronald Reagan, with the Soviet Union over nuclear weapons.
In a few hours. the negotiations can hardly be
"It will need an hour of discussion, then the Cold war is over," he said in the eighties, in his own modesty With the "art of negotiation" will be born, reasoned Trump, who wanted to win Mikhail Gorbachev with his charm. Now he has more than 30 years later, the opportunity to make a Deal that would secure him an honorable place in the history books.
In a few hours, however, the negotiations will be done hardly, the Pompeo at a congressional hearing admitted at the beginning of may. It could be that the remainder of the term of office Trumps is sufficient until January 2020 and the need to speak separately with Russia about the extension of the New START Treaty the number of strategic nuclear warheads to 1550 on both sides, limited and also the number of strategic bombers and U-boats and kidney country in Silos deploy inter-continental limited missiles. Experts predict very lengthy negotiations and the uncertain prospects of success.
Russia has not beat the offer, first of all, Deputy foreign Minister Sergeij Riabkow said, it would depend on the nature of the American proposals. However, he also made clear that further steps on nuclear disarmament "will require a series of conditions and many factors need to take into account the direct influence on the strategic stability". He called missile defense systems, has Long been a Central point of contention between Russia and the United States, Cyber-warfare, space weapons, or new conventional weapons systems.
A goal of the U.S. government, it is, novel carrier systems, developed in Russia, in future agreements. This concerns especially the hypersonic glider, which according to Putin, is ready for use. Thanks to its high speed, more than 5000 kilometers per hour, and your steering ability, you should be able to overcome the well-known missile defense systems. Similarly, a nuclear-powered Torpedo that could bring nuclear warheads before the U.S. coast. With greater skepticism of experts, and the Pentagon plans for nuclear-powered cruise missile; the technical feasibility is questionable.
Russia will agree to that but barely, as long as the US holds about the Expansion of their missile defense. Moscow sees this as an attempt to put the second-strike capability of Russia, and therefore, the balance of nuclear deterrence. The second-strike capability is based on the principle that a state is also after a nuclear attack in the Lages to retaliate in the same way.
The United States, in turn, suspects Russia to pursue a strategy to enable, at least in the position of being able to get in a conflict with a Nato ally, to a limited extent, nuclear weapons use – as the Americans deter Intervention.
critics doubt that Trump, the big gambles
it is Even more difficult with China, for the Trump-government a significant factor in the termination of the INF Treaty. Beijing's Arsenal consists of 90 percent of missiles that are prohibited by the agreement. The Chinese foreign Ministry announced that it would participate in any trilateral disarmament talks. The country's nuclear weapons, estimated to be 300 strategic warheads, were on the lowest for the national security level required and the Arsenal are not comparable with those of the United States or Russia.
advocates of arms control in the US Congress fear that Trump, the big shot is not going to succeed – but in the end, the last remaining agreement with Russia could not be discontinued because the two governments to an agreement on an extension. Critics insist that Trumps security adviser John Bolton is an outspoken opponent of such agreements and in the administration of George W. Bush, significantly, the termination of the ABM Treaty've been, which limited strategic missile defense. This applies to Russia today as a turning point in the relationship with the United States.
And so, critics fear that the start-up could be used for a new big Deal in the end, only as a pretext to end the Era of arms control. The New-Start-Treaty, the nuclear arsenals of the US and Russia for the first time since 1972 without any restriction.
Created: 14.05.2019, 17:02 PM