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Pilot project: New vaccine against Malaria

In the fight against Malaria-a new vaccine, there is reason to hope. With a large-scale pilot project, the disease, which disproportionately affects small children, the victim should be curbed, but there are also difficulties.

for the First time is to be used in a vaccine against Malaria on a large scale. After three decades of development work are to be vaccinated until 2022 under a Pilot project in Malawi, Ghana, and Kenya as a whole every year, around 360,000 small children against the dangerous disease.

The coordinator of the vaccination Programme at the world health organization (WHO), Mary Hamel, explained that the vaccination had the potential to save the lives of tens of thousands of children. "Malaria is still a tragic, deadly disease," said Hamel. "Each year, around 250,000 children die of Malaria in Africa".

in Spite of all the hope - the vaccine

acts only to a limited extent With vaccination, there are great expectations. The vaccine "RTS,S" acts against the in Africa is widespread and most dangerous of the Malaria pathogen Plasmodium falciparum

is not, However, defeat the immunization, even in the best case, the disease alone. In the largest clinical study of 15,000 children in the vaccine disease, about 40 percent of the Malaria, and approximately 30 percent of the severe cases of Malaria prevented. This is for the WHO is still not sufficient. Their target is 80 percent.

in addition to the limited effectiveness of the practical implementation of the vaccination will be time-consuming. For the full effectiveness of small children have to get four injections. The first three vaccinations should take place at the age of about five to nine months, the fourth at about the age of two years. It is a challenge of the pilot project, to ensure that parents bring their children to all four Impfterminen.

combination of different resources in the fight against Malaria

Because of the limited protection of the vaccine, experts rely on a combination of various prevention measures, the parents, in accordance with its security would have to be. In the previous studies, this had been successful and understandable training course in Hamel. "The parents understand, for example, that the use of mosquito nets is important, the probability of Malaria reduce disease".

"The fight against Malaria is one that we are using imperfect tools," says the Director of the Malaria programme of the WHO, Pedro Alonso. The best effect you could have if you kidney this combination. "The Malaria vaccine reinforced box our tool".

A new vaccine against Malaria is increased in a pilot experiment in Africa for the first time, regular

number of Malaria-diseases

According to WHO, the number of Malaria diseases in 2017 increased in comparison to the previous year by a good two million to 219 million cases. A total of 435.000 people died, 90 percent of the disease occurred in Africa.

to develop A vaccine against the disease, is considered to be difficult. The parasite's resistance, and more adaptable than, for example, viruses that cause measles or Ebola. The disease is transmitted by bites of the Anopheles mosquito, which carry the pathogen in itself. These enter the bloodstream and multiply in the liver. Malaria causes fever, anemia and neurological Problem, and if left untreated can proceed rapidly fatal.

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