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New report: the Major effects of climate change

most of the natural disasters that touched the lives of nearly 62 million people worldwide in 2018, were related to extreme weather and climate events. Floods a

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New report: the Major effects of climate change

most of the natural disasters that touched the lives of nearly 62 million people worldwide in 2018, were related to extreme weather and climate events. Floods are affecting the most, more than 35 million people.

It says the world meteorological organization in its annual report on the climate.

the WMO notes that 2018 was the fourth warmest year that has been measured, and that the years 2015 to 2018 is the four warmest years on record have been measured.

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during the year affected all parts of the world. Total dog more than 1,600 people due to heat waves and forest fires.

In september, there were about two million people displaced from their homes due to weather - and climate-related events.

– the Data in the report gives rise to serious concern. The global average surface temperature is now about a degree higher than during pre-industrial times at the end of the 1800s, " says UN secretary-general António Guterres, in a comment.

Even the oceans are heated up. A marine heat wave in the Tasman sea in the beginning of 2018 raised the surface temperature by two to four degrees.

sea level Rise continues, in 2018, was the sea level rise of 3.7 millimetres higher than in 2017.

the Summer heatwave in northern Europe, which became an alarm clock for many swedes are in the report. A number of temperaturrekord were set in the Nordic region and the forest fires in Sweden, which included 25,000 square was the record-breaking.

elsewhere, there were more deadly fires. In the area around Athens, was killed 99 people when the fires quickly spread in unusually strong winds. In the united states died 85 people in forest fires.

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it is also large and expensive property damage. The hurricanes Florence and Michael in the united states killed 134 people and caused damage of approximately 49 billion dollars.

the Typhoon Makhud affected over 2.4 million people, mainly in the Philippines, 134 people died.

the Prevalence of sea ice in the Arctic is low throughout the year below the average value.

However, recorded a slight increase of the ice on Greenland's glaciers, which in the past have melted and lost mass each year for the last two decades. The increase was due to more snow than normal and a little short of normal smältsäsong.

But when it comes to the world's glaciers have generally meant the hydrological season by 2017-2018 the 31st year in a row of negative pulp balance.

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also part of the world's refugee flows. In september were more than two million people fleeing from weather-related disasters. Droughts, floods and storms are the main causes.

– the Report is a confirmation that it is in a hurry to act. It was also the message of the special report from the UN's climate panel, the IPCC, which came in the fall, " says António Guterres.

the UN chief has invited world leaders to a climate summit in New York in the fall. At the climate conference in Katowice, in december, he said that the objective of the autumn meet is to get the world's countries to raise their ambitions in the climate significantly.

the Secretary-general of WMO, Petteri Taalas, underlines that the väderkatastroferna continues:

–The extreme väderhändelserna has continued during the beginning of 2019. Most recently, with the tropical cyclone Idai, which caused disastrous flooding and trafiska deaths in Mozambique, Zimbwe, and Malawi. It can prove to be the deadliest weather-related katastrofern in the southern hemisphere, " he says.

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Link to the graphics

Read more: Climate action can do so that all may the better

Read more: Record levels of greenhouse gases

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