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Milestones in the 70-year history of Nato

Over the decades, Nato was marked in the history of deterrence in the Cold war and the confrontation with the Soviet Union. After 45 years, the military Alliance launched on the Balkans, the first shot. Since then, the Nato was also involved in conflicts in Africa and Asia.

1949
In Washington on 4. April, the North Atlantic Treaty signed. The Alliance has initially of twelve members: Belgium, Denmark, France, great Britain, Iceland, Italy, Canada, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal and the USA. Which had been established to "the Russians out, the Americans inside and to keep the Germans down", said Lord Ismay, the first Secretary General of the Alliance.

US-President Truman, under the birth of a customer of the Nato signed Staten, behind him, the heads of the Establishment.

1955
The Federal Republic of Germany is a member, after the Cold war was in Korea hot.

1957
in view of the growing confrontation with the Soviet Union, the Nato, adopted at the initiative of the government of US President Eisenhower, your strategy of "massive retaliation" : Each attack should be answered, therefore, with a devastating nuclear counter-attack.

1966
France leaves under President Charles de Gaulle, the integrated military command of the Alliance, to the sole command of his nuclear power to save.

1967
The Nato headquarters moved from Paris to Brussels. The Alliance are switching to the military strategy of "flexible response" . It provides, in the case of an attack with conventional forces is not automatically a use of nuclear weapons, but a graduated approach.

1979
As a response to Soviet SS-20 missiles, Nato announces the stationing of nuclear weapons-capable missile and cruise missiles in Western Europe. At the same time, Moscow will be offered to negotiations on the limitation of nuclear medium-range missiles (Nato double-track decision).

1983
The USA, start stationing of Pershing-II-missiles and cruise missiles in several Nato countries, including Germany.

Three atomic medium-range missiles Pershing II and their launchers are on 3. April 1987, in Mutlangen, Germany, presents to the press.

1987
The United States and the Soviet Union close to the agreement on the abolition of nuclear, land-based medium-range ballistic missiles and cruise missiles with ranges of 500 to 5500 kilometers.

1991
With the collapse of the Soviet Union also in 1955, as a counter-Alliance to Nato formed Warsaw Pact will be dissolved together.

1994
In the case of the enforcement of a UN no-fly zone over Bosnia from the prohibition of fires the Nato four Serbian military machine. It is the first action in the history of the military Alliance.

1995
According to the Dayton peace accords to the Bosnian war to monitor the Nato-led Ifor force compliance.

archive picture, in 1995, a French IFOR soldiers to Disarm a Mine in a suburb of Sarajevo.

1997
The Western military Alliance agreed with Moscow, the Nato-Russia founding act . The Nato says, to dispense with a long-lasting and extensive stationing of troops in Eastern Europe.

1999
Nato intervenes with a massive air attacks against Serbia in the Kosovo conflict.

A canadian F-18 fighter-bomber starts on the evening of 24.3.1999 of the Nato Airbase in Aviano in Northern Italy to carry out air strikes against targets in Serbia.

2001
According to the terrorist attacks of September 11. September is triggered to the Time the mutual assistance clause in accordance with article 5. The Alliance sends then Awacs reconnaissance aircraft in the United States.

2003
Nato takes over the leadership of the combat mission against the Taliban in Afghanistan.

U.S. soldiers after a Taliban attack in the border area between Pakistan and Afghanistan.

2011
air strikes under Nato leadership and contribute to the overthrow of Libya's commander-in-chief Muammar al-Gaddafi.

2014
After the annexation of Crimea by Russia, the Alliance decides on a massive reinforcement of its military presence in Eastern Europe . At the same time, Nato members, set the goal, your defense spending up to 2024, "the direction of the two percent" of the economy to increase performance.

2017
Nato accedes to pressure from the United States, the international coalition against the IS terrorist militia .

2019
The United States terminate the INF Treaty with Russia. They accuse the Kremlin failed to with new cruise missiles against the agreement. After settlement of the name dispute with Greece's Northern Macedonia 2020, the 30 to. A member of the Alliance.

Created: 04.12.2019, 18:28 PM

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