the countries of The earth put in 2018 and again more money into the military as in the previous year. The global military spending rose last year by 2.6 percent to estimate approximately 1,82 trillion dollars and for the second Time in a row, like the hive, informing the Stockholm peace research Institute Sipri in a Monday report published.
That means a new high since 1988, when Sipri was the first unified global comparison data available. In particular, the USA and China, invested by 2018, considerably more to the military, such as the Sipri researchers, Nan Tian said.
While Russia according to a further decline for the first time in twelve years, out of the Top Five slid out, overtook Germany, with an increase of 1.8 percent to 49.5 billion dollars and Japan is now the world's eighth position. Switzerland is, as in the previous year to rank 38. They were, according to the report of 4.8 billion dollars for defense.
More than a third of global spending
the Undisputed top rider remain in the USA. Under the Aegis of US President Donald Trump the United States in 2018, almost 649 billion dollars for their defense – the equivalent of more than a third (36 percent) of global military spending, and almost of the investments of the eight following countries.
A major reason for the increase of 4.6 percent was Fleurant, that of the Trump government's weapons procurement programs have been implemented, said Sipri expert Aude.
The Chinese military expenditure increased by 5.0 percent and, thus, to the 24. Times in a row. The ten top places animals Saudi Arabia, India, the three UN-veto powers-France, Russia and the UK as well as Germany, Japan, and South Korea complete.
The military expenditure of Asia and Oceania, according to Sipri increased information since 1988 year. Now, they make up 28 percent of global investments into the military – after only 9 per cent 30 years ago.
As the reason for the continuous increase in Sipri sees not only the tensions between Asian States, but also the conflict between China and the United States. In Africa, the expenditure for the military in 2018, decreased significantly, in the Middle East, at least slightly.
Russia and Saudi Arabia save
The Russian military spending is declining. This is partly due to economic problems. Despite this, Russia is perceived in the Region more strongly as a threat, said Sigri-expert Pieter Wezeman. The result: significantly higher defense spending in Poland, the Ukraine, Bulgaria, Latvia, Lithuania and Romania.
In absolute Numbers, most back the military spending in Saudi Arabia, it was 2018, approximately $ 4.6 billion less in military than in 2017.
The US military expenditure amounted to Sipri, according to 3.2 percent of gross domestic product (GDP). On average, 2.1 percent of global GDP be invested in armaments. The equals – the researchers – 239 dollars per Person. The military expenditure of Switzerland, make up 0.7 percent of the gross domestic product.
From 1999 to 2011 increased the global military expenditure has risen continuously. Between 2012 and 2016, they remained reasonably constant before the Numbers in 2017, increase again slightly. In the case of the United States, they have decreased since 2010 even years. This downward trend was explained by the Sipri researchers, but already in the previous year's report.
Sipri evaluated data from 155 countries. The Institute is not based in the annual report only on official government information to the defense budget, but also take into account additional sources such as statistics of Central banks and of the Nato, as well as government responses to surveys about the United Nations. (nag/sda)
Created: 29.04.2019, 00:31 PM