Every seventh Baby comes in the world with under-weight to the world. Are affected, according to a study, about 20 million Babies around the world. Weight factor for premature death and chronic diseases is considered a risk.
Has a Newborn with a weight of under 2500 grams, it as to easy. Every seventh Baby arrives according to a study, this risk to the world. A joint study by the London-based Institute for Hygiene and tropical medicine, the UN says children's Agency Unicef and the world health organization WHO. The researchers evaluated the data of 281 million births in 148 countries for the year 2015.
Three-quarters of children with under weight came, therefore, in South Asia and in African countries South of the Sahara to the world. Nevertheless, there is progress. The proportion of affected newborns declined between 2000 and 2015 by up to 1.4 percent. Nevertheless, had increased - mainly due to the population growth, the number of underweight Babies in the African countries South of the Sahara in absolute terms. Of 4.4 on a five-million Babies. In South Asia, most of the children came in 2015 with a low birth weight, namely 8.8 million. In poorer countries, an inadequate growth in the womb as the most common cause.
In more-developed regions births, underweight newborns, in contrast, usually early before 37. Week of pregnancy. One of the lowest proportions of babies with low birth weight has been estimated for Sweden (2.4 percent). In the industrial countries, the overall percentage was seven percent, including Germany (6.6 per cent), England (seven per cent) and the USA (eight per cent). In the prosperous countries of Europe, North America, Australia and new Zealand the ratio of this risk of total births, hardly declined.
low birth weight is considered as a risk factor: more than 80 percent of the approximately 2.5 million newborn deaths each year, according to the study, low birth weight, either because they came too early, or because they were too small. Children with low birth weight suffered a higher risk for development of impairment and subsequent diseases. This includes Diabetes and cardiovascular included disease.
The study authors called on to weigh each Baby immediately after birth and to provide better. They are also calling for awareness campaigns. In 2012, the 195 member States of the world health organization, WHO, had decided to reduce the proportion of births with low birth weight by 2025 to 30 percent. The new estimates are documented according to Unicef, but, overall, a slightly positive Trend. 17.5 percent of live births were in the year 2000, births easily, has fallen to the quota five years later, to 14.6 percent.Atlas |Germany |Cologne