In Switzerland, to be distributed amongst the transports more goods, however, unequal. On the road the growth last year was 2.5 per cent, on the Rail of 1.4. Especially strong have in the case of road and inland transport: With a Plus of 4.7 percent recorded in 2018 with the largest increase in 20 years.
The Federal statistical office , which has published the Figures last week, suspected to be the "important reason" the "positive economic development". Concrete, André Kirchhofer, Deputy Director of the commercial vehicle Association, Astag is : "the Decisive factor is the immigration of one Million people in the last 13 years, for which the supply and disposal must be assured." Moreover, so Kirchhofer, exploding demand in online trading. Read the Trend at the can van, whose stock has grown since 2000 to 65 percent to 375’000.
For the Alps initiative that explanation falls short. The decisive factor in the environmentalist call for transport prices on the street. They were too deep, says President Jon Pult , the politicised for the SP new at the national Council. The criticism aims at the heavy vehicle fee (HVF). How much does a truck have to pay the driver, depends on how heavy the vehicle is, how much air pollutants, fine particulate matter and nitrogen oxides it emits and how many kilometres it is in Switzerland.
the CO2 in the HVC
integrate Any role CO2 plays. The external costs of heavy traffic according to the traffic experts do not completely settled. "And the Climate are also factored in, could be justified by the HVF well", said Peter de Haan from the consulting company EBP two years ago. The Alpine initiative demands a further development of the HVC, which takes into account the CO2 price.
A study by the research offices, KBP has shown last year: The CO2 emissions of heavy goods transport have increased since 1990 by about 10 percent, the emissions of major air pollutants by 80 percent removed. This opposite trend can be substantiated according to the assessment of the Alps guards the need for reform in the HVF.
"what We need now is not activism." the Martin Candinas , the national Council (CVP, GR)
The claim has so far been politically unfeasible. SP national Council of the console and hopes that you will now be in the new, greener Parliament supported by a majority. But from the CVP, it needs for a breakthrough, no encouragement. "What we need now is not activism," says Nationalrat Martin Candinas.
He refers to the Council of States, has taken in the context of the new CO2 act and the heavy traffic already in the duty – with targets for new cars: the average CO2 emissions of trucks, the first to be set in the traffic must be from 2025 to 15 percent lower than it is today, from 2030 to 30 percent. The default is based on the objectives which the EU has decided for the truck sector. "An approach that is tailored to the EU, makes sense," says Candinas. Also in the commercial vehicle Association Astag is against a HVC Reform.
The Alpine advocates fear, however, that, without countermeasures, the Transport on the road further strong growth is expected to increase. The proportion of the rail transport is now at 37 percent. This is significantly less than in 1980, as the value had still amounted to 53 percent.
leave empty journeys not
avoid, And even a number that seems remarkable: A quarter of the shipments is done without charge – for years-a constant value. Alps pads take this as further evidence that the transport costs are too low. "They would be higher, would the pressure on an optimization of the rides are bigger," says Jon Pult. With cooperation models or sophisticated dispositions, progress in this area are quite possible.
Astag, Vice Director of the Kirchhofer doubts: "The avoidance of empty trips is in the best interest of every carrier to be able to in the highly competitive market." In many cases, however, it was impossible to avoid empty trips. A waste truck about could take from the incineration plant is no return freight.
"We need a shifting target for the inland transportation." the Michael Swiss , national councillor (Greens, LU)
The road load of the freight transport is, ultimately, also decide the result of many entrepreneurial Individual against the Rail. The Federal Council do not want to intervene on the HVF in addition to controlling, even in the case of state-linked enterprises. Accordingly, in the negative, he replied to recently, a postulate of Michael Swiss. The Greens national Council, was angered by the decision of the Post to move the package transport from Härkingen to Thun on the road.
Swiss sees the latest development confirmed. "We need a shifting target for the inland transportation." Lucerne wants to develop this idea further – with all its open questions, such as those of the extent to which there is a greater shift in the tightly timed train schedule sufficient train paths for freight traffic.
As a model, this shift serves Swiss goal, which is set by the Parliament for the transalpine freight transport: 650’000 trips per year. In fact, there are far more. Last year, there were 941’000.
Created: 25.11.2019, 11:47 PM