The four-year-old Boy, let's call him Philip, was already on the first day. That he ignored instructions and trötzelte, would have been manageable, says the kindergarten teacher, who works in the Zurich suburbs. But there was more to come.
The little bully picked again and again dispute, and provoked the other children gärtler, destroyed and vandalized their drawings and craft work.
Then came the day on which Philipp for the first Time really freaked. He destroyed the toys and hit other children. The teacher refused, the Boy in the second year of kindergarten. Finally, the rowdy was a troublemaker – in a smaller nursery where he could be cared for was "intense".
students like Philip are in every school house. They are unruly, throwing furniture through the class room, berating teachers and classmates. Others are less noticeable, they disrupt the lessons but also, for example, by heckling and walk Around. Fight everywhere schools in Switzerland with troublemakers in the classroom.
About a fifth of the children is difficult to
How many of this behavior, press the eye-catching students, the school Bank, which was previously unknown. Now it was raised for the first time for Zurich and Winterthur. Reto Luder, a Professor at the Pedagogical University of Zurich, carried out a survey among 450 employees in schools, including 250 classroom teachers, the disclosures made to the behavior of 4300 students. Result: Every Fifth is striking. Specifically: "950 students were assessed by teachers as striking, the equivalent of 22 percent," says Luder.
another finding: 60 percent of the classroom teachers are behavioral problems, students in the largest load factor. You will be perceived as even more strapaziöser as school reforms and discussions with parents.
bitch knows the whole range of behavioural problems of students: "That's enough of a lack of concentration on lasting three speeches in the classroom to extreme cases in which students become violent."
The Problem starts in kindergarden
so Far, they suspected the wheel-to-student level, especially on the top. Now, however, unpublished Figures from the education Department of the Canton of Geneva, to show a different picture: The messages from schools about "violent, aggressive and obstructive behaviour", received between August 2018 and April 2019, were more often four-year-olds 13 - to 14-year-old student.
Also in other cantons, such as Basel-city and Zurich small wheel-students sit in the kindergartens and primary schools. In the case of the voluntary school Synod of Basel-city, the Association, the Basel teacher, you will see an increase in disrespect for the teachers, for younger students is a new phenomenon.
Similar Ursina Zindel, President of the Association of Kindergarten of Zurich observed. "The children are now used to this much attention. If you need to share in Kindergarten, suddenly, a teacher with 20 other children, they are overwhelmed." Then some tots with disruptive behaviour. Typical examples: "The children can't accept no, breaking things, do not want to abide by the rules and plagues, other children, verbally and physically," says Zindel
the Problem of "digital dementia"
levels, The Problem starts in Kindergarten and runs through every part of the school. In Basel, several primary school teachers reported on the inside by the legal service of the school Synod. The reason is that students may have offended you, kicked and bitten.
"The number of incidents with children with behavior problems has increased in the last few years," says Jean-Michel Héritier, President of the Basel school Synod. He confirmed the findings of the Zurich study. "Today, about one-fifth of all students in the Kindergarten and in the primary school is already full."
The increase in have different reasons. According to Héritier, it is due in part to the fact that the small classes for behavior disruptive students were removed eight years ago, these children have since been placed in normal mainstream classes. It is spent, but also it says Héritier, "that today we have more children in the school who are looked after at home."
This is particularly relevant to low-educated families. "We speak here of "digital dementia". These children spend a lot of time in front of the screen and too little with their peers." The consequence to weaken a low tolerance for frustration and concentration. "In the classroom, these children are unable to cope socially and emotionally quickly and often respond aggressively."
The school needs to adapt to the students
How many of your classmates, teachers, and parents of problem students suffer, to the place the lessons of lame, in terms of the numbers. A note to Figures from the Canton of Zurich to deliver. 2017 5674 students did not therefore fulfil the normal academic requirements and received special education because of learning problems, conspicuous behaviour or a disability. 2940 of these students were accommodated in normal classes. More than half of.
to be particularly stressful for students to apply, especially with "emotional and social" needs to be called, such as Behavioral problems in the jargon. Teachers tell of children that spend the day under the Desk, swearing, naughty answers, and give the lesson with nerve-killing Dauergelärm cripple, constantly yapping. Or because of a bad touch to the chair across the room to throw and not run, if something fits.
in 2004 occurred in Switzerland, the disability equality act in force. At that time, the education policy was under the heading of "inclusion" is a big promise: All children, no matter how different they are, are to be found in the regular school system, a place – regardless of disabilities, mental health problems, learning difficulties and behavioural disorders. But in practice, the school pushes the system to the limits: when a child is especially large and the undivided attention of the teacher needs. If a school would have to meet the needs of the child instead of Vice versa.
A small number of children, in schools and offices, employed a large number of adults.
In German-speaking Switzerland are Behavioral problems has long been a theme in Western Switzerland, the authorities realize only now that the Integration of the small "Wutbürger" for many educators is the number one Problem.
A small number of children, in schools and offices, employed a large number of adults. Behavior of disruptive students generate an explosion in the number of meetings with parents, school principals, psychologists, speech therapists, school social workers. In extreme cases, more than 15 people sitting at the table.
Basel-city attacks again on the introduction classes
On the practical assistance it mangle often complain of teachers ' associations. "There are still many schools where the teachers are left with children alone," says Héritier from the Basel school Synod.
the remedial teachers to Teach it. But there are far too few. In the Canton of Zurich, for instance, a special pedagogue usually comes to eight classes. In the case of a workload of 24 lessons, three hours per class are sitting, in the often several pupils with special care needs.
In comparison to the small classes, the opportunities of a special pedagogue are limited – if a conflict breaks out, it is often just not there. The small classes, say critics, were mainly resolved from a dogmatic reasons. Motto: No child should be excluded.
More remedial teachers, more specialists, more special settings, and more money – can this really be the solution?
First cantons to react and tracks measures, in order to relieve the schools. In Basel-city, it should be in the future re-introduction classes for children who are not yet ready for school. Basel-land to expand the special school offer – and creates more places for children with behavioural difficulties.
staff: Oliver Zihlmann
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Created: 27.04.2019, 22:25 PM