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Deported and starved to death

1944 was deported to the eight members of the Munich-based Gypsy family-Schneck to Auschwitz. The two-year-old Renate did not survive there once a month. A Stele commemorates her fate.

Jacob Wetzel

Josef Maria Schneck starved to death, from the stone exhausted lugging, in January of the year 1944, since he is just 13 years old. For almost a year, the Nazis had tortured him with his four siblings, his parents and his little niece in the camp of Auschwitz-Birkenau. The family had to work hard and in the barracks to sleep, the were built like horse stables. The few toilets shared by up to 1000 people per building. To eat, there was only thin soups. And eventually, Josef Maria could no longer./p>

The Schnecks have been a Catholic family in Baden. The father of a family had traded with Antiques and musical instruments. In 1937, the family moved to Munich. However, the Schnecks were the Sinti, and as such, they were persecuted by the Nazis. On 8. March 1943 was arrested, the family of eight from the police and in the police prison at the Ettstraße locked up, the couple Sofie and Joseph, daughters Elizabeth, Paula and Gisela, and their sons, Donatus, and Joseph, Mary, and her granddaughter, Paula's two-year-old daughter, Renate; and 133 more Munich Sinti. Five days later, all were loaded into a cattle car, the train drove for three days. The small Renate survived in Auschwitz, not once a month.

Josef Maria Schneck and his family reminds me a Stele at the peace promenade in Trudering.

(photo: Private)

as Of this Thursday is to remember a Stele to the Schnecks, and the peace promenade 4o in Trudering, where the family last lived. At 13.30 a memorial event in the Gymnasium Trudering begins. Thereafter, the Stele, among other things, by Erich Schneeberger is passed to the Public, the Chairman of the state Association of Bavaria in the Association of German Sinti and Roma. It's a Premiere, the first memory of the city, which is reminiscent of a murdered Sinti family.

Sinti and Roma, remained in the cultural memory. By the Nazis as "Gypsies" persecuted minority was also subjected to post-1945 hostility and was excluded. A change in thinking, it was late. Since 1995, a memorial plaque at the place of the victims of national socialism to the murdered Munich Sinti and Roma. Since 2018, there is a own day of remembrance. And in February, the city Council has decided to erect a private monument for the dead.

reminder-as the family screw, as well as a similar designed wall panels, there are steles in Munich, the first since last summer. They are the Munich-based Alternative to the stumbling stone project of the artist Gunter Demnig, which must not be laid in the city on public land. 17 of these Munich panels and stelae, there are now. A Stela combines several gold-colored sleeves, and as the city remembers in this way so far at 41 Murdered. The reminder also Gera are often in addition to the live data to see half-tone photographs of the dead, if the members agree. The Schnecks, these areas remain empty.

The Stele commemorates seven family members, most of them starved to death. Donatus died in August 1944 in a bomb attack on the camp at Buchenwald, where he had been deported. Survived by only a daughter, Elisabeth. She was deported in 1944 to ravensbrück, where she had to work in the vicinity in the defense industry. In April 1945 it was after a death March of a US soldier freed.

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