In the struggle for the embodiment of the international climate policy have delayed the negotiations at the UN climate change conference in the Polish city of Katowice. The final plenary session was postponed on Saturday until the evening, negotiators from nearly 200 countries, had approved the resolutions.
Recently blocked Brazil, the negotiations on the consequences of the alarming 1,5-grade-report of the IPCC were difficult.
After the conference, participants had started in the afternoon already, for the final deliberations in the plenary to send to assemble, was moved to the plenary session at 18.00. In fact, the conclusion of negotiations was delayed. To 21.00 no new date for the final session.
24. UN climate change conference was on 2. December started and actually already on Friday. The dealer in Katowice, have the work order, the so-called rule book for the implementation of the end of 2015 in Paris agreed global climate agreement ready. A number of technical issues were clarified.
EU climate Commissioner Miguel Arias Cañete wrote in the Morning in the short message service Twitter: "An agreement to make to the Paris agreement is within reach." The Chairman of the group of least developed countries, Gebru Jember Endalew, told the news Agency AFP that there was a "landing zone" for a "compromise".
point of contention adjourned
A dispute over article 6 of the rule book on the integration of market mechanisms such as emissions trading, provided, however, for hours-long delays. Brazil insisted, in the framework of the Kyoto Protocol has created the so-called CDM projects also apply from 2020 Paris agreement is ongoing.
the CDM stands for Clean Development Mechanism (mechanism for environmentally compatible development). In the rich industrial countries to Finance in Emerging and developing countries measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, to improve their own climate balance. To Respond to Brazil's claims would, however, have created large loopholes, and the national climate change can dilute the protection goals. The dispute was finally postponed until the next UN climate change conference.
among the sticking points in Katowice, the transparency rules in the rule book. It's about how the national climate of the individual country targets submitted in the future and checked.
Also, dealing with the damage and losses caused by climate change in the poorest countries was in Katowice, highly controversial. After the concern was limited in the conference text to report on the respective national climate policy in the meantime, in a footnote, found it finally, but the entrance in the main text.
USA and Saudi Arabia block
The climate expert of the development organization Care, Sven Harmeling, called as a further Central point of contention dealing with the IPCC special report to the 1.5-degree target.
The smallest island developing States, other developing countries and also the EU want to recognize the alarming findings of the report as a basis for the climate policy. In contrast, in particular, the United States and Saudi Arabia locked.
The negotiator appointed Spanish Minister for the environment, Teresa Ribera told AFP that the negotiated package was "sufficiently clear to make the Paris agreement functional". You have wished for, however, is "much stronger message" in terms of climate protection ambitions. In the recent submissions of Text only it is stressed "the urgency of a higher Ambition".
warming of 3 degrees?
With the, as yet, the present national climate protection commitments, controls the earth on a dangerous warming of three degrees. For the next UN climate change conference in Chile, the work remains enough.
The negotiations-in-chief Sebastián Piñera in 2020 be held according to a Tweet from the Chilean state. His environment Minister, Carolina Schmidt, declared that your country conducted the two-week conference "in December 2019 or January 2020". (ij/sda)
Created: 15.12.2018, 21:07 PM