Two weeks of grueling negotiations, the sleepless nights, the tired Minister, and a lot of hustle and bustle of the tents around the Congress centre in Katowice have already been cleaned up, as the States at the climate change conference in Katowice on a set of rules that some could the Paris climate agreement to be implemented.
But it was a forceps birth. As usual, the industry struggled, with countries and emerging economic powers such as China and Brazil, to paragraphs. It was about a lot these days. Finally, the climate Treaty will be driving from 2020 onwards, a gigantic money of the rich to the levy to poor.
hundreds of billions of public and private funds will be invested in the coming years in the global "climate industry". The regulations of Katowice is now a binding regulation for a credible System, to the success of investments in climate protection for each individual country control.
emissions must, by 2050, against a Zero drop
the network of United environmental organisations shows that, in principle, satisfied with the Achieved. "Overall, the conference has fulfilled the expectations with the good rule book," says Manuel, count of the WWF in Switzerland. Loopholes are not allowed, according to the IPCC.
the Maximum of the global greenhouse gas emissions due to the combustion of fossil fuels should, according to a special report in six years, when the climate target should be met in the Paris agreement at the most cost-effective.
The contract States enshrined in international law, that the warming of the earth should remain clearly below 2 degrees, preferably below 1.5 degrees. The temperature today is plus 1 degree above the pre-industrial time. This means that global emissions would need to fall by 2050 to Zero.
"Completely useless rules"
A Chapter is left in this respect, but to be Frank, that must hurt, especially Switzerland. There are no robust rules for the carbon market, the emission rights. Switzerland has very strict rules, so that the future investments in foreign climate projects are of high quality and correct for the individual countries are recognised.
Brazil wanted to make sure that both the seller and the buyer's country, the allowances in a greenhouse gas-can be recorded the inventory as a reduction. That would mean: For a ton of reduced greenhouse gas, would be credited to two tons.
The last word is not spoken here. The business was moved to the conference next year in Chile. "The danger is greater than ever, that we will have no, or a completely useless set of rules for trade with certificates," says Manuel Graf.
way to the post-fossil fuel age
The Federal Council wants to halve the greenhouse gas emissions by 2030 compared to the 1990 level. In the process, should according to the national Plan, at least 30 percent of the reductions in the Inland reaches, with the remainder through the purchase of foreign emission rights.
for this reason, the Switzerland of the climate conference for a credible functioning of the emissions market. The experience from the Kyoto Protocol, 2020 binding climate Treaty, has shown that the quality of the emission allowances is often controversial.
"No hope without Action for the climate": Greenpeace protest banner at the conference hall in Katowice. Photo: Keystone
How well the rules of Katowice for the implementation of the Treaty of Paris works. The conference on climate change has placed once again the distrust of the States at the political level with each other openly. It need only be obvious and measurable success, especially in the industrial countries and the emerging Nations, to the hardened fronts completely soften.
Positive is that the transformation of global energy has started to supply. Cities, companies and banks are willing to invest billions. How ambitious the individual States to address worldwide climate protection in the next decades, the way to the post-fossil fuel age is not pre-spurt, a Back. But it can be significantly faster, even if the political ambition is growing. (Editorial Tamedia)
Created: 15.12.2018, 21:07 PM