After the first disappointment about the declining Pisa test results of Swiss students has placed, it is worthwhile to look abroad: Who has overtaken Switzerland, and what is behind these good results? This question the correspondent of this newspaper to go to the examples of China, Estonia, and Japan. And what was going on in Spain – why does the OECD in its official rankings, the country only out-of-competition? A look behind the Scenes.
China – not to be representative
The cities of Beijing, Shanghai and the Eastern Chinese provinces of Zhejiang and Jiangsu are the winners of the education Olympics. Representative this is, because the government sends is without question your best students into the race.
In many poorer regions of China, it looks a lot darker: poorly trained teachers, overcrowded classes, little opportunities for advancement. The children of migrant workers are often lost to a large extent by the formal education system. To make it to a good University, to students in China at the time of the final exam to the top. For many, the Childhood ends in the Preschool. You are cramming late into the night, sitting on the weekends in cram schools. The competition is merciless.
a long time, the government is trying to reduce the pressure. However, "homework listen to free", the China's tiger parents do not like. Most of the families spend for nothing more money for your child's education. You are ambitious, above all, they hope to give their children the best possible Start in life.
in poor regions, people believe that hard work can be a Chance. Unlike in Western countries, many young people look up to pop stars, but entrepreneurs like Steve Jobs and Jack Ma, to people who come from unprivileged families. Faith, to his own fate in the Hand, prevails not only in Beijing or Shanghai, but throughout the country. Also in China's Pisa results.
Lea Deuber, Beijing
Spain – shaming notes
Rarely Pisa in Spain has caused so much excitement as this Time. In fact, the test results are quite unpleasant: In the natural Sciences, the students fell to a new low in mathematics, and it went further downhill.
The results in the category of reading comprehension were not only not known, because the OECD wants to be pushed in the case of the 2018 Tests carried out on irregularities. Overall, Spain falls just below the average for the tested States, what commentators refer to as a disgrace for the fifth-largest country in the EU.
With so much of a bad mood, the political dispute is not far: The socialists for the results of the austerity measures to 2018, the ruling Conservatives in charge. Under their Aegis, in the whole country more than 2000 teachers have been deleted, novice teachers have to cope with precarious work contracts are satisfied, class sizes increased.
The Conservatives point to the fact that education is a matter for the regions. And since the conservative-ruled regions of Madrid, Castile-Leon and Galicia are in the Pisa Tests clear front – while Andalusia, until a year ago, stronghold of the socialists, the conclusion is light.
Thomas Urban, Madrid
Estonia – a lot for little money
Initially, it was, Yes, worried, "because we explained here, with States that can afford to pay much more expenditure in the education sector," the Estonian education Minister Mailis Reps this week. Initially, the 2006 was, as Estonia for the first Time in Pisa. Since then, it's steadily going up, for a long time, the country is a Pisa-Star, this time, even the best of all European OECD members, ahead of Finland and Poland. And, although it spends almost a third less than the average of the OECD countries.
The recipe for success? Observers point to well-trained teachers and motivated students, which it helps that education in society is much. Above all, however, The System is surprisingly egalitarian, with the origin of students plays a much smaller role than elsewhere. A poor or formation of distant parents house, hardly a barrier in Estonia is the reason for good school performance. "Children do not come from brilliant families, obtain support, and the majority of Estonian schools have managed the effects of unfortunate family circumstances, cushion", is the response from the Ministry of education.
room for perfection: The boys are lagging behind girls being not quite as bad, but the gap is still there. The students in Russian-speaking country from parts cut worse than the rest of the country. And last year, the online magazine "Estonian World diagnosed", the performance was there, "joy" is missing but still in Estonian schools. There are too many tests, too much homework, and generally too much pressure. The Ministry of education now wants to abolish the compulsory examinations at the end of primary school.
Kai Strittmatter, Copenhagen
Japan falls difficult-to
Actually, the policy-makers thought in Tokyo, to have their most sensitive defeat long ago – the Japanese Version of the Pisa-shock is at least 15 years. At that time, the student plunged into the discipline of reading skills from rank 8 to 14. A debate began, the practice of Yutori, the milder teaching, came to the test.
And now? Again, Japan's 15-Year-old fell while reading, of course 8 – but this time to the lowest level since the beginning of the test: place 15. So inconvenient that came to the Ministry of education, that it was pushed toward the debt with the changed Design of the study. Japan's young people are not used to read long texts on the Computer – the Pisa requires only since 2015 of them.
However, the disappointing result fits quite well to the criticism, the Japanese education put too little value on free expression. Especially the questions where instead of a simple cross on a self-formulated answers were called for, brought in Japan, students in the residue, such as OECD education Director Andreas Schleicher said. The Ministry of education admitted that Japan's youth in the Understanding of texts has still potential for development.
Too dramatic, it is not found, the results in Japan, but I guess not. Even when read, the young people were finally above the average. And in the other two divisions of the Japanese youth were simply good: Among the 37 member countries of the OECD, they came in 1st place in mathematics and 2nd in science.
in Addition: reading in Japan is quite difficult, considering that the Japanese written language keeps the same three alphabets and about 2000 Chinese characters, the resulting Kanji is ready.
Thomas Hahn, Tokyo
Created: 08.12.2019, 23:20 PM