Spain is, for many migrants, currently the entrance in the EU. Among them are thousands of unaccompanied young people. Why do many of them first of all to Catalonia, and what are the consequences of this for the Region?
David Vazquez is currently in continuous use. The social educator works for the aid organisation Caritas in Barcelona. There, he takes care of unaccompanied minors: "in the past year, the Numbers were alarming. Since 2015 the Numbers have risen enormously, especially during the summer," says Vázquez. "It is like a continuous call from Europe - the last 20, 30 people per day arrived in Barcelona."
He speaks of Minors who know they can not be deported. Minors, with whom journalists are not allowed to speak - the Spanish laws. More than 3300 of them have been registered this year in Catalonia, twice as many as in 2017.especially Moroccans come
in Most cases, it is male Moroccan young people. The authorities afterwards were hardly, says Vázquez. "The buildings are used as accommodation, which are not intended for. In a school 30 min should be housed year-old originally for two days, on a transitional basis, until they are spent in a reception centre. In less than a month, there were seventy, instead of two days they remained there for a month," says Vázquez. The school was bursting at the seams. "The teachers are ran out of there."
Because you don't feel in the accommodations, but also many young people run away. You prefer to sleep under bridges, or in vacant houses than in crowded areas and under the strict eyes of the educator.migrants from all layers
The Arrived came from all social classes, says Vázquez. "As young guys underneath are wearing fixed braces - such a thing can not allow that here in Catalonia each. You speak via video conference with her mother, who is just at the hairdresser's," he said. "These are not the poor - well, in comparison with us. But there is also a Moroccan illiterate people from the countryside without education, the hope of adventure to come."
Many people dream of being rich and famous. Like Lionel Messi or Cristiano Ronaldo. The soccer stars of FC Barcelona and other Top clubs were a striking number of young Moroccans idols, says Vázquez.
social worker Fatwa-the thought-world of the young migrants know quite well. The Moroccan is a person of trust in the charity. She speaks the language of young people and knows their Concerns. "Many are still children. Give yourself as a tough guy, with whom you should not mess with. But in reality, the only not to be used for others to get close to you," she says. "Here, you start to cry, in the night want to talk with your mother and miss your family."delinquent young people to shape the image of
In the tourist district of Barceloneta, the residents, especially the other, the rough side. A couple of young migrants have been quartered there in an orphaned courtyard. Manel Martínez from the neighborhood Association says you're in Trouble.
There are only a few that cause a nuisance, but the embossed the image, says Manel Martínez from the neighborhood Association in Barcelona.
"Some of them local residents to access. They will Rob you, hurt you even. Four days ago a man was attacked as he was just going to his car to unload," says Martinez. "A girl was being harassed by them - and an older man was bumped, and his car robbed, and the youth had pulled a knife."
There are only a few, the Trouble pins, says Martínez. But the embossed unfortunately the image. Martinez chooses his words carefully. He does not want to throw the young Moroccans, all in a pot. But he also says that some of the neighbors to avoid at night, certain areas of the district. The police should be to get hold of, especially of those who incite the young people to the Claws.crime in Barcelona clearly
In the tourist district of Barceloneta avoid and some of the residents, in the meantime, at night, certain places.
Bring the Minors, so the crime in Catalonia? The fact is that crime in Barcelona has risen within one year by 19 percent. Employees of the police and the judiciary to take the visitors to the country are Minors responsible, if even in a small degree.
"If you assume that maybe ten percent of the arrived Minors are delinquents, but instead of 200, 2000 to arrive - then it is only logical that there are more criminals," says José Miguel Company of the public Prosecutor's office in Barcelona. "We're talking about, but in General, about Bag thefts."performance incentives
Georgina Oliva wants to ensure the accommodation of all young migrants.
It is at first glance surprising that so many unaccompanied minors all the way to Catalonia. Finally, the majority of them are far removed from Europe: in the Andalusian coast, from the Morocco part, not even fifteen miles away. But after a few days the young migrants left for Andalusia, says Georgina Oliva, the authority directs for youth Affairs of the regional government of Catalonia. "Your goal is always - always! – Catalonia or, to a lesser extent, the Basque country.“
Olivas biggest concern is that, currently, all of the comers to accommodate. In the emergency centres can have a shower the children and young people. You will get from Doctors, medical and possibly psycho-analysed logically, to eat and to drink. In addition, the identity and age of the migrants will be checked before you get a property. Social workers take care of them.
Later on, you can get help in vocational training and three years of financial support of 600 euros a month. In Spain, the social services are only in the Basque country. You know, even in Morocco.
"It may be that the people are animated, to come to us," says Oliva. "Certainly the incentives are heart here. But even if that is so: We will not give in on the quality of our services by one Iota, but, on the contrary, try to improve them!"minors, according to the law
stay welcome culture in Catalan - but which certainly has its contradictions. So the adults Moroccans can be deported quickly if they are staying illegally. Especially if you have become delinquent. Minors, however, may, Yes: to stay in Spain. It sets out the law on foreigners. The child's best interests because, says Oliva.
therefore, the fact that the majority of mind will remain year in Catalonia. And she believes the experts assume that in the coming year much more will arrive.
that's Why she has to put in the work to create the conditions for it. The comers, it should go in your new home. "If we expect that at least 4,000 minors arrive, we want to also have provided 4000 places for you when you arrive," said the authorities officer. "We don't want to react until you are there, but spaces and special staff already ready, so you can be the fastest way to help."