Explosive documents: a Few weeks before the dam disaster, the Expansion of the mine has been approved work - including Work on the misfortune of the dam. He broke down because of the authorities failure?
more and more victims, the rescue mountains avalanche forces from the mud. The chances are dwindling to find Survivors. At the same time, the investigative authorities to find the cause of the mine disaster.
Four days after the accident, the police arrested in São Paulo for two engineers from TÜV SÜD do Brasil, a subsidiary of the German Certifier TÜV SÜD. The investigators will explore the question of why the company has classified the dam of the sludge basin in September 2018 as safe - a good four months before the disaster.
the signature of The now imprisoned TÜV SÜD employee's Makoto Namba brings the German certifier in expository and high criminal could pull payments.what level of risk is reduced
The ARD Studio South America are not yet available from the media released documents that indicate why the dam at the Mine broke could be.
In December 2018 - three months after TÜV-inspection and a few weeks before the accident - was granted by the regional environmental Secretariat of the state of Minas Gerais, therefore, the group Vale a permit. The security risk of the broken dam with "Four": "medium" risk. In previous permits the speech, however, was still of high-risk stage Six: higher risk.
is Particularly delicate: The eco Secretariat approved only the Expansion of mining activity in Brumadinho, but also Work on the long-disused misfortune dam. Brazilian media speaks of an unusual "Express permission" and the permission, to mine production by 70 percent.
These documents are the ARD and show...
...the approval by the regional authority.the dam by mining damaged?
observers puzzle over why the authorities granted the group permission, just a few weeks before the dam broke. Whether there is a connection with the TÜV SÜD decision is unclear.
Serious allegations against Vale Maria Tereza Corujo. The environmental activist accompanied the approval process as a member of the environmental Council, COPAM, and agreed to there as the only member against the approval of Vale. The company have, apparently, noted that "through their activities at the dam has gotten out of balance and this would then - in December - to subsequently approve," she says.
environmental groups criticize for a long time, the authorities controlled the mining companies were not strict enough. From the point of view of the lawyer, Raphaela Lopes of the non-governmental organization, Global Justice, the controls deteriorated steadily: "The Brazilian environmental control agencies have been massively weakened, which leads to the fact that you have the resources to monitor compliance with the laws."
President Bolsonaro wants to give the mining companies actually significantly more freedom - this is likely to be hardly possible.for Bolsonaros idea?
Brazil's new President Jair Bolsonaro has been as a friend, lax environmental regulations. So he proposed in the election campaign, the mining companies could provide in the future, even licenses.
His plan is now to enforce anything more, after probably more than 300 people were under the mud avalanche buried.of the dam: engineers of TÜV Süd arrested, 29.01.2019 Brazil: hope for Survivors fades, 28.01.2019 Atlas |Brazil |Brasilia