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Berlin fight over teacher appointment : A commandment of economic reason!

"The financial implications of the establishment of a burden on future generations. We need, therefore, Prevention in the Form of a pension Fund. In the officials to Deposit the saved money to get it later as a Pension – that's exactly how it works for the workers at the pension insurance“. This opinion is widespread and yet wrong.

the pension insurance works differently. The deposits in pension insurance will not be laid aside, and back "for later", if the depositor is old and no longer works. The proceeds go rather to the existing pensioners. The procedure has a name: the generation contract. The civil servants ' pension scheme works in principle similar. No pension pays here, for example, the state of Berlin of contributions to a pension Fund, which pays the money to the pensioners. Rather, the pensioners get it directly from the state of Berlin.

The Senate of Berlin has decided in 2004, not more teachers to verbeamten. A statement of the reasons for this decision, he has not given to the Public, and also the impact on the recruitment of Staff and for the budget he has remained silent. All other States in the verbeamten currently, there is a teaching worthy of power, around 400 euros a month more. Berlin has great problems to attract qualified teachers and to keep in the country, for the schools, the drastic consequences. But the budget was the decision of the Senate because at least economically rational? She was and is not, as the following statement shows.

civil servant teachers cost per year approx. 61.700 Euro

A civil servant active teaching force will cost the country currently, about 61.700 euros per year. The aid is included. An employee's active teaching force will cost the country around € 82,000. The payments are included in the pension Fund. It is not taken into account in the case of the permanent teacher, the cost for the pensions, then it is unquestionably cheaper to 20.300 euros per year. You want to make the cost of the two jobs are comparable, then have to be taken into account when the permanent teacher pension payments. As a teacher refers to an average of 33 years of a 20-year Pension, can be calculated on the annual pension contribution that would have to be reported to any official body, by the in the resting phase, pension payments shall be allocated to the salaries in the active Phase. According to today's data they would have an amount of 24,400 euros per full-time officials and year. The employees of comparable costs, including pension payments, are the officials so in the case of about 86,100 euros per year – 4.100 Euro higher than that of employees. With this amount, the government should calculate tank.

in Spite of the calculated increase in personnel costs for civil servants in Berlin has triggered the phase-out of teachers, the establishment of huge financial burdens for the country. At first glance, this seems contradictory, if the officials with a more honest calculation, i.e., taking into account the pension payments that cost more.

Such charges arise only in the event of a change in the employment status of a whole group. The mirror-image case, has given considerable relief in a number of ways. In the new countries, teachers employed after the reunification, all of the as employees. As the first of the new countries in the Land of Brandenburg civil servants, the teachers, because it would otherwise have been in competition with Berlin, hopelessly outnumbered. As officers were in the active Phase, cost less than employees, and pensions for several decades yet to be paid, because there were no retired teachers, has saved the Land of Brandenburg in a long period of time, a lot of money. It no longer has to pay for the improvement of civil servant teachers in the pension Fund, although former teachers as retirees from the Fund pension. "Lay back" for the future pension expense was not necessary as long as and when it was clear that this state would not have to exist in the future. As soon as an official generation is grown, also in the new countries of supply, expenditure in the above-described height.

Expensive employees to be set, but officials are still there

Otherwise, if a country such as Berlin drops out of the establishment. Then it replaces "cheaper" officials "more expensive" employees, but must pay the pensions for the retired and the retiring officials. The country pays at the exit from the establishment for a long period of time in the pension system, with pension, but gets no money from that Fund, because it is for a long period of time no persons drawing annuities and pensions are not paid from the pension Fund. It is from the beginning of the establishment of stops in the Land of Berlin in the year 2004, then the account of the last officials will be eliminated in a simplified model, some 33 years later, in 2037. From there, around another 20 years to pay and pensions. Then, starting roughly in 2052 will be relieved of the household. It will take according to our calculations, more than another 150 years, until they are compensated for the additional burdens caused by the middle of the century in a Dimension of about 10 billion euros, by successive reductions. Then, one were to write about the year 2200. The compensation there are, however, only if the employee's remuneration is not increased, the difference between the net salaries of civil servants be reduced, as some parties is required. It is taken into account in the calculations only low interest rate ( we live in any interest-free world), may not compensate for the later occurring-relieving effects of the initial burden.

the exit from the establishment to the above-described financial burden, so it is in the case of return to the establishment is exactly the opposite: Berlin could relieve its budget to a high single-digit billion amount, an annual average of approximately 250 million Euro. Not only because of the production of qualified teachers for the school service in Berlin, but also for financial reasons, it is therefore a principle of reason, in the Berlin Situation to the establishment of the teachers return.

The interest in the Figures appears to be small

A wise government, and a watchful Parliament could, through the "re-establishment" money saved to debt repayment. That would be a sustainability-conscious and future generations, to the relief of policy.

In the fall of 2016 we will have sent the results of our studies and others, the Senator for finances. To our surprise, the interest in a technical discussion with the calculations low. Although there were discussions with the financial management of a prejudice-free and in-depth examination of the policy, contrary to prosperity, that the establishment of an official question from teachers was not addressed. Whether the examination has taken place in the financial management at all, we never know.

A word on the requirement for a pension Fund from which pensions are to be paid at the end completely. The establishment of such a Fund also runs on a different System, the capital-funded old-age pension. There is considerable doubt as to whether such a System would be better than the existing. If you wanted to implement this request, but that would have to be for the Land of Berlin, with a capital stock of roughly more than 40 billion euros built up. Where this money will come from – in the case of a debt mountain of almost 60 billion Euro, so far no one can pose serious.

Pure-Maria Fahlbusch was WT-Chairman in Berlin and head of Department in the Ministry of education, youth and Sport (MBJS) in the state of Brandenburg. Andreas Volbracht is a teacher and head of the MBJS-working group "education resource-concept for the Land of Brandenburg". Sönke Harm Pörksen was until 1999, management of the modernization of administration in the business area of the MBJS

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school in Berlin Countdown to the establishment of a teacher?

Susanne Vieth-Entus

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