The hermit beetle could stop a giant transport project in the Northwest of Munich. In the Allacher Lohe, a 150-acre nature reserve, has discovered a reviewer now, hermit beetle, but also other rare and endangered species of beetles such as the stag beetle, the sting of the beetle, and the Elongated filament juice beetle. The motorway Directorate in southern Bavaria, where it intends to build at the edge of the Allacher Lohe, a second highway route, velvet Tunnel, it is the Federal transport infrastructure plan. The Federal nature conservation in Munich, has given the beetle, Advisory opinion, want to complain about the findings, where appropriate, and, if necessary, to the European court of justice.
"life Here is the last of the stag beetle in Munich," says Rudolf Nützel. The managing Director of the Federal nature conservation in Munich, is familiar with the biotope for many years, and also leads interested by the protected oak-hornbeam forest between the shunting station and the motorway A 99. The stag beetles need the century-old oak trees, still in the Rest of the Munich lohwald belt. The largest European beetle with the distinctive "Antlers" of the males is endangered in Germany and Bavaria in its Population greatly, and was, in some areas of Bavaria until about ten years ago as extinct. This is also true for the hermit beetle, the rogue Appearing in Stuttgart, Rosenstein Park and the construction of the railway project "Stuttgart 21" years has been delayed. The motorway Directorate in southern Bavaria should want to build a second tunnel under the Allacher Lohe, "we complain in each instance," says Nützel. "We want there to be more of a stag beetle and hermit beetle in Munich."
The officers at the General Directorate of highways quite aware of what a sensitive area of the second Tunnel. "The problem is complex, after all, this is a FFH-area," says Josef Seebacher of the General Directorate of highways. In the Flora-Fauna-habitats, plants and animals are under special protection. Already during the construction of the A 99 motorway ring of Munich to the North-West, there were massive protests, so that the path route leads through the Allacher Tunnel. However, the traffic on the route has increased in the last years the highway section is on the verge of collapse. Traffic jams are commonplace: "This is the biggest jam of the root of southern Bavaria," says Seebacher, the spokesman of the General Directorate of highways.
In the Federal transport infrastructure plan 2030 is intended, therefore, to dig to the South of the existing Tunnel, a new Tunnel, to just under one and a half kilometers in length. Thus, the construction would be directly under the Allacher Lohe, many old trees need to be felled. There are also alternative plans, for example, to build the second Tunnel under the existing tube, which consume much less space, but would cost far more. Already now transport plan are in the Federal 340 million euros as a total project development costs for the seven-kilometre-long Route, estimated.
"The A 99 is almost a must have everywhere come to the Limit"
That a traffic solution, is sure: "The A 99 is almost prohibited everywhere on the Limit", Directorate spokesman Seebacher. Meanwhile, the traffic on the highway was the tracks already so dense that many motorists torment prefer to cross through the city and over the Middle of the Ring to stand on the North ring in a traffic jam. For heavy-duty vehicles however, this is not a solution.
a little relief against the jam, prepare the General Directorate of highways currently, the plan approval procedure for a temporary solution: The side strips of the A 99 should be released soon from the motorway triangle Allach up to the junction Feldmoching consistently for transport. But that takes time and a lot of money, finally, construction will take place while traffic is still running. There are eight more emergency stopping bays must be built, the existing Tunnel has to be drilled from above so that the Work can also take place in sensitive habitats. The rare beetle, which have now been found, relocate, is extremely difficult, says environmentalists Nützel. "A lot of people think, then we are planting a new forest - but the beetle is not just any forest." The old structures with the thick, several hundred years old oaks and hornbeams and the open sunlit areas appear to be ideal for the endangered insects such as hermit beetle and stag beetle.
The endangered stag beetle with its distinctive Antlers is Europe's largest beetle.(photo: imago/view angle)
when the Work on the side strips started, is currently still open. Initially, it was called the General Directorate of highways, that the new tracks could not be 2023 released, but in the meantime, Seebacher dare not forecast. "This is an extremely difficult project because of the residents," says the spokesman. Even the relocation of two residents at the edge of the flames was already in the conversation.
At the same time, wants to tackle the General Directorate of highways, the traffic problem in and around Munich now. "We want to take time and in peace to plan", says Seebacher. With large-scale investigations of the possible traffic and settlement development in the urban area should be considered and simulated. Because the new district Freiham of other traffic on the car in the next few years, tracks. The planners also want to know where commercial areas are planned, and what impact might the expansion of the research and innovation center of BMW in the North of Munich on the flow of traffic. The development of the public transport network to include the highway builders in their model calculations, as Seebacher says. "We are looking for a holistic transport solutions."
it can be built Up to a second Tunnel, it could take at least 15 to 20 years. "Maybe, but elsewhere a solution," says Seebacher. A city of distant bypass highway? To do this, the speaker wants to say anything. For the beetle in the Allacher Lohe however, this would be possibly the rescue.