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181 countries vote for UN refugee Pact

Heated debates preceded the migration Pact. The vote on the refugee Pact goes effortlessly across the stage. Only the United States and Hungary to block him. The Czech Republic's populist head of government could appear to be last Minute to, Yes. 181 of the 193 member States voted in the General Assembly for the paper. Three States abstained, the other countries stayed away from the meeting.

The Pact is intended to give refugees, among other things, better access to schools, work, and health care. As the migration Pact, it is not legally binding, is intended to obligate the States, but politically.

Large host countries support

the aim is to support the largest host countries better. Most of the refugees according to the UN in Turkey, in Pakistan, Uganda and Lebanon. Also, Germany is one of the ten countries hosting the most refugees.

representatives of right-wing parties, and bearing part, were made against the Convention mood. Nationalists, populists and extreme-Right would have incorrectly disseminated information about the Pact, informed the Norwegian refugee assistance (NRC).

after four years

The Pact is but the attempt of fleeing people, "in a civilized manner and protect it with some sense," tweeted NRC Secretary General Jan Egeland. By the end of 2017, there were according to the United Nations in the world 68.5 million refugees, of which about 40 million Displaced people were in their own country.

the success of the Pact is to be drawn from 2019, every four years at Ministerial level in balance. In this "Global Refugee Forum" States should also make Commitments to financial and material assistance, as well as opportunities for resettlement. From 2023 should be checked in this context whether previous Commitments have been met.

Why is there a UN migration Pact and a refugee Pact?

At first glance, the UN refugee Pact and UN-migration Pact, such as two versions of the same paper. The United Nations is not in the theme but a two-pronged approach, because the terms "refugee" and "Migrant" are used interchangeably. According to international law, other rules apply for dealing with refugees, as for dealing with migrants.

The International organization for Migration (IOM), migrants are people who leave their place of residence are – no matter for what reasons, for how long and whether voluntarily or involuntarily. Refugees form a group: they are migrants, fleeing their homeland due to violence and conflict, or because they are persecuted there.

Different challenges

Two separate packages, there are also therefore, because both groups are fighting mostly with completely different challenges. Refugees are being housed in emergency camps, and humanitarian supplies.

Here it goes first of all to Survive, and the question is whether they can return to their homeland. Migrants who are not refugees must be protected against prior to exploitation in working conditions at your new place of residence.

The scope of both papers is about the same: The refugee Pact is 21 pages and the migration Pact is 32 pages long. None of the two documents is legally binding. (nag/sda)

Created: 17.12.2018, 17:52 PM

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