Norway has been engaged in a variety of peace processes. Conflict resolution and the contribution to peace and security are central to Norwegian foreign policy. Norway's efforts be adapted to the conflict and local conditions, but certain characteristics go again: the peace negotiations must be inclusive, peace agreements to safeguard both women's and men's needs and rights, and more women should participate at all levels in the peace - and forsoningsinnsats.
Research shows that women's participation and influence in peace - and forsoningsprosesser makes it easier to achieve peace, and that peace lasts longer. Processes that involve more people, have more legitimacy and credibility. The agreements become more complex when several considerations to be taken.
at the same time carried out the in a greater degree, because the ownership is rooted wider. This is one of the hovedbudskapene in Norway's new action plan for women, peace and security, which the government put forward today.
Norway was one of the very first countries that developed such a plan of action in 2006. This is the fourth in the series, and apply for 2019-2022. It is interdisciplinary, and in addition to the prime minister we are five government ministers who stand behind it.
First in the 2000 reputable the Un security council that women and men are affected differently by conflict. It stated that both women and men must participate in the efforts for peace and security if we are to succeed. It's all about their weekdays, challenges and responsibilities often are different. Therefore, women and men are also exposed in different ways, and can contribute in different ways.We value the Norwegian stability Debate
Nevertheless, the standing of women often on from the sidelines when peace agreements fremforhandles, both as fredsmeklere and in the parties ' delegations. Still maintain the few peace agreements the rights of women satisfactorily. Still, women are under-represented in the organs and institutions which follow up the agreements. We have not reached the Un target of 15 per cent of women in peacekeeping operations.
Therefore adding the new action plan to facilitate women to participate at all levels in the peace - and safety work. Norway is involved in a number of fredsinitiativ in different parts of the world: in the formal peace processes in Colombia and the Philippines, and in the preparatory peace talks with the parties in several other conflicts. Both women and men participate in Utenriksdepartementes delegations to peace negotiations.
In 2014, Norway got its first female special representative to a peace process. In 2018, we had a female spesialrepresentanter for both the peace process where Norway is the formal facilitator. Gender balance is important in itself, and can motivate others to have the same. In the new action plan, we aim even higher than before.
Already in the initial peace talks, we shall facilitate that the parties are prepared for this and civil society are able to contribute. We will continue to appoint women to lead forhandlingsteam. We will work to link the formal and informal peace and forsoningsinitiativ together, and to facilitate that civil society give input to the peace negotiations.
Where the peace negotiations have been inclusive and safeguarded women's rights, we work to ensure that the actual implementation of the peace follows the same track. Where the peace process has not been inclusive, we work to ensure that the implementation yet. Women have to with the when power and responsibility are negotiated again. They must participate in the grunnlovskommisjoner and work with the security sector reform, in the mechanisms for overgangsrettferdighet and in the monitoring of the peace.
cross-Border crime, such as trafficking in human beings, is closely related to the conflict. We must be aware of how gender and gender roles affect the effort when developing emergency response plans and instructions for police and defence, whether this applies to bet at home or missions abroad. We will contribute to that also other countries are sending out men and women to peacekeeping operations.
Sexualised and gender-based violence is increasing in scope in the event of an emergency, but often fails with the protection and access to essential services precisely when. Child and forced marriage is widespread. Women and girls are particularly vulnerable, but also boys and men are affected. Children born after abuse are especially vulnerable. People on the run lose the social safety net, house and home. Human trafficking is extensive.
Nobelprisvinnerne that only a month ago was honored here in Oslo, are among those who have shown how both individuals and entire communities are affected, and how the peace undermineres of sexualised violence. They have also shown that courage and determination can make a difference.
We will increase support to reproductive health services and prevention of sexualized and gender-based violence. Norway organizes this year an international humanitarian conference on sexualized and gender-based violence in armed conflict, to mobilize to the strengthened efforts in the area.
There is still a way to go before women are involved in peace processes and peace negotiations on an equal footing with men. With the new action plan for women, peace and security, we commit ourselves to do what we can, and work for that international efforts are also making progress. It's about girls ' and women's rights in a vulnerable situation. Only so can we build and preserve peace.This should get a central place in the debate on Norwegian values Leader