The sami national day is celebrated since 1993 to the memory of the first boundless sami congress in Trondheim, norway February 6, 1917. Over 100 sami people from Norway and Sweden came together to discuss common problems.
was Elsa Laula Renberg (1877-1931) from Tärnaby, who fought for civil rights for the sami people.
the following Year was held for the first time a similar meeting in Sweden.
the traditional Sami areas in Norway, Sweden, Finland and Russia is called Sápmi. There are about 80 000-100 000 sami in the world. Of them is estimated between 20 000 and 35 000 live in Sweden.
Since 1977 counts the sami as an indigenous people in Sweden, but the right to cultural discrimination and, since 2011, recognised the sami as a people in the constitution.
• Sami language
the Sami language has finno-ugric roots and is divided in three different languages with several more subdialects. Today is the sami language is recognized as one of Sweden's five national minority languages.
• Custom flag
The sami flag was approved on August 15, 1986, by the Samerådets samekonferens. It is designed by Astrid Båhl from Skibotn in Troms in Norway. The circle is a sun and månesymbol. The sun circle is red and the moon circle is blue. The colours come from the sami costume.
• Sami national anthem
1986 was also decided that the "sami soga lávlla" or "Samefolkets song", the official would be appointed to the sami national anthem. The text is written in 1906 by sjösamen Isak Saba (1875-1921), who worked as teachers and church musicians, and was born in the northern Norwegian Nesseby. Isak Saba was the first sami who was elected to the Norwegian parliament (storting). The melody was composed by Arne Sörlie.
• sami parliament
the sami parliament, the sami parliament, was opened in 1993, after a decision in the Swedish parliament. The sami parliament in Sweden is both a government agency with the officials and the sami parliament with the elected members. The 31 members of the sami parliament plenary is elected every four years.
• Who gets to call themselves the same?
to get the vote to the sami parliament, shall you have or have had sami as a language in the home, and consider yourself to be the same. It is also possible if your parents or grandparents has or had sami as the language in the home, or if you have a parent who is included in the electoral register.
in the Past, beating the Swedish government ruled that only those who had reindeer and engaged in reindeer herding was sami.
Facts: the sami parliament