In recent years, it has become Airbus-internal the following reading: "The Airbus A380 is a great plane that will prevail sooner or later because the air traffic is growing so strong. We built it just to early and would have left us with rather a bit more time. Then we would have to bridge now for five years, until the demand is really through the roof."
The Interpretation of the desperate situation for the largest passenger aircraft in the world with a beautiful sound, maybe a bit to tragic circumstances, but at least not to the biggest miscalculation in the history of civil aviation. Because the A380 but as exactly this, the European aircraft manufacturer, now the bitter consequences of His once-ambitious program, with which he finally wanted to meet Boeing eye-to-eye, 2021 set.
Airbus announced the decision early Thursday. After the crisis years for the machine, it was not a surprise - it was rather amazing how long Airbus with the step has been waiting for. The rash has now given up, of all places, Emirates, with 162 firm orders by far the most important customer for the A380.
Emirates had ordered at the beginning of 2018, another 20 machines and thus the production by 2020 on an absolute shoestring of six Jets per year, secured. But failed now, the parallel ongoing negotiations with engine maker Rolls-Royce final. Emirates are switching to the smaller A350, of the you ever bought 70 aircraft and then again had to be cancelled. Despite the Airline ordered the latest Version of the A330.
Double the cost as planned
"As a result of this decision, we have no substantial order backlog," said Airbus chief Tom Enders. "We have no more right to continue production." By 2021, Emirates will take over a total of 14 A380, then the production is stopped. Up to 3500 jobs are affected by the decision. Also the Swiss defence and technology group Ruag manufactured components, such as the Wing for the large airplane. Airbus announced talks with the social partners, pointed out that the growth of other programs offer employees many opportunities to be internal in the future, elsewhere.
For the A380, but any hope is to be without the Emirates. Only 313 of the orders (as of end of January) has received Airbus since the year 2000, 234 machines are delivered. Of the 79 other Emirates would have to get to 53. 20 more were in the books for the leasing company Amedeo, three more for a collecting society, of the bankrupt Russian airline Transaero, and three more for All Nippon Airways (ANA). In addition to 14 machines for Emirates only three of the ANA is likely to be Jets yet to be built.
the A380 program has Cost an estimated total of around 25 billion euros - more than twice as much as initially planned. The cost could not be approximately recouped.
A machine that with the 747
should compete with The original plans for the A380, which date back to the late eighties, were based on the following assumption: competitor, Boeing, with its largest aircraft, the 747, exorbitant profits. The money, the business can use for the development of new models, or to offer, to sales campaigns of its smaller Jets. Consequently, Airbus needs a plane that can compete with the 747, to participate in the then-dominance of large, long-haul aircraft to break through and on the expected strong growth.
Actually, however, Airbus built the A380 is not too early, but too late. In the years prior to the start of the program in the year 2000, Airbus has been overlooked by Manager that the 747 at the time had their best times behind itself and the Airlines prefer smaller twin-engine Langstreckenjets. The Boeing 777 was delivered in 1995 for the first time at United Airlines and was a resounding success.
This continued a generation of Aircraft later, the Boeing 787 and the Airbus A350, they could even beat the unit cost of the much larger A380. There was by now on the cost side, no reason to order the Mega Jet, if you would reach with less risk and less investment at the same level.
Until recently, Airbus had argued that the strong growth and capacity constraints at major airports would inevitably lead to the airlines to order more large planes like the A380. The Problem: What appeared in theory, logically, is not happening in reality, with a few exceptions, such as London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, or with a few smears of Frankfurt.
target Airbus has achieved in spite of everything
it is theoretically still conceivable that the growth in long-haul traffic, the flight lines of forces in the coming years, larger machines. However, at the Moment the Trend seems to be going rather in the opposite direction Airlines set smaller machines in addition to routes. And even if the Trend in five years, should turn: Who then wants to order an airplane, which 25 years previously had been launched and economically accordingly is an inferior one?
The irony of the story is: Despite the grandiose miscalculation Airbus has achieved its strategic goal and divided the world market for civil aircraft with Boeing. The Short - and medium-haul aircraft, the A320neo family, will sell excellent, the A220 (formerly Bombardier C Series) round off the Portfolio with the technically most advanced aircraft.
And although Airbus in 2005, still had to plug in once billion into the A380, in order to eliminate the production chaos around badly-planned cable harnesses, the company decided in 2006 to launch the twin-engine A350. Which is apparently so good that even economically once marginal routes suddenly fly to be profitable.
Video - pomp above the clouds Singapore Airlines suites A380 with luxury. Video: Tamedia (Tages-Anzeiger)
Created: 14.02.2019, 06:54 PM