has been elected As of today, 71-year-old is Leoluca Orlando in 1985 for the first Time to the mayor of Palermo, was raging in the Sicilian port town of the "great mob war" for supremacy in the Cosa Nostra. Virtually every day were laughing in the streets of the dilapidated old town Dead in their blood, shredded by volleys from machine guns, or executed with a shot to the head. Among the Victims, police officers, politicians (such as the brother of the current President, Sergio mattarella), judges, journalists, and even priests were in addition to countless Mafiosi. Per year were committed in the city up to 300 murders. Palermo was regarded as "the shooting range of the Cosa Nostra", a kind of war zone.
Today, the Sicilian metropolis, with its almost 700.000 inhabitants it is the safest city in Italy, such as the national statistics office Istat reported on Wednesday. This applies not only to homicide, but the entire list of offenses. According to Istat, the crime rate in Palermo in the year 2017 at 4400 crimes to 100,000 inhabitants – the equivalent of less than half of the 10.900 crimes per 100,000 inhabitants were committed in Milan. In Rome and Naples a little more than 6000 crimes per 100,000 inhabitants were displayed. Although the Mafia has not been displaced up today, completely out of Palermo, but she has not mastered the city, and the policy nearly as sharply as before.
This is the result of the repression offensive, which had been initiated by the Italian government after the assassination of the two judges and Mafia-fighter Giovanni Falcone and Paolo Borsellino in 1992. On the other hand it is to the credit of Orlando, had organized after his first election to the city head of the civilian resistance against the Clans, and the "spring of Palermo" is initiated. The crumbling Baroque Palazzi of the historic centre were restored, streets and spaces with electric lighting, green spaces and Parks, prepared, culture temples such as the Teatro Massimo and again made accessible to the public. Under Orlando, the former Mafia has become a stronghold of one of the most important cultural and tourist cities in the country; last year, Palermo was the capital of culture in Italy.
"The question was not whether they would kill me, but only when and how"
"The lion of Palermo," as Orlando is known, is a Professor of constitutional law and comes from a Sicilian noble family. As mayor, he has been several times re-elected; in 2016, in its fifth term of office. At the time of the "spring of Palermo", the "Sindaco" like Falcone and Borsellino also high on the death list of the Cosa Nostra. This experience and the story of the rebirth of his city of Orlando in his autobiography, "I should held the be next". "The question was not whether they would kill me, but only when and how," writes the father of two children in the book.
With the retreat of the Clans, the fight against the Cosa Nostra for Orlando is pushed into the Background – his new opponent Minister Matteo Salvini of the right-wing Lega. For the left politicians, the security decree, which the government migration policy was massively exacerbated, "unconstitutional and inhuman". The security decree has abolished the humanitarian admission, in fact. These temporary, usually valid for two years resident status were those migrants who were neither asylum nor an international protection, but out of humanitarian or technical reasons, are not in your home country to be deported. Orlando is challenging the Minister of the interior openly that He has instructed the officials of the urban Einwohneramts, more migrants also exhibit, then stay papers, when it would be due to the new legal situation allowed. The civil resistance of Orlando have joined since then, other mayors, such as in Naples, Milan or Bologna.
Orlando is a long time for the Integration of refugees
In Palermo Orlando but for years for the Integration of refugees, and with some success. "In Palermo, there are no migrants, because those who live in our city, is a Palermitano, a citizen," says Orlando. The distinction between "Locals" and "citizens, which are later arrived with us", is meaningless: It's all be people. Orlando is aware that he does not represent this opinion in Italy today, the majority. "But as I said, thirty years ago, the Mafia could be defeated, has believed it, nobody. We have done it, and today, no one wants to be in Palermo, the city is ruled earlier of the Cosa Nostra.“More about
leader of the Cosa Nostra, Italian police arrested mafia boss
That Palermo is now officially the safest city in Italy, confirmed the mayor in his Belief that the populist equating "more migrants constituted equal more crime" only a perfidious campaign propaganda. "Palermo is hospitable to the refugees, and Palermo's for sure," Orlando with satisfaction.