A fine of 20 million dollars, cashed in last week in Florida, Carnival Corporation. A cruise ship, the Carnival subsidiary, Princess Cruises, had a close tilted the Bahamas illegally plastic parts into the sea, environmental documents fake and shoddy waste disposal documents.
Now it comes to the world's largest provider of cruises even thicker. In a study by the Brussels think-tank Transport & Environment Carnival is identified as one of the biggest European polluters. 203 cruise ships were examined, which had to run in 2017 in various European ports.
conclusion: Overall, the ocean giant found in Europe, around 62 kilo tonnes of sulphur oxides. Were added to the 155 kilo tonnes of nitrogen oxides, 10 kilo tonnes of fine dust and 10.2 kilo tons of CO2.
The 47 luxury liner of the Carnival velvet subsidiaries uttered with around 30 kilotons, ten times more pollutants than all of the 260 million European cars put together.
MSC Cruises ranked according to Carnival on the square 2
Among the Top Ten of the largest environmental polluters five Carnival companies: Costa Cruises, P&O, Aida, Princess Cruises and Cunard Line are to be found.
On rank 2, the Geneva-based private cruise line ended up MSC Cruises, the generated with their ships in the period referred to at 10.2 kilo-tonnes oxides of sulphur and 18.8 kilo tonnes of nitrogen oxides.
Julia Schütz MSC stated that "50 percent of the own ships are already equipped with an exhaust gas cleaning system (EGCS)". In all the ports of Europe, and sensitive regions such as the lagoon in Venice, a low-sulfur power would be used "substances". Even more important, however, that "by the end of the year, 74 percent of the guest capacity by the EGCS technology covered will be". EGCS allows for washing of the waste gases and the removal of sulphur dioxide up to 97 percent.
The daily stops are a Problem
Spain, Italy, Greece, France and Norway are affected, according to Transport & Environment most of the burden on the environment, because that is where the most attractive vacation destinations are. Particularly, the cities of Barcelona, Palma de Mallorca and Venice are at risk. In Barcelona, the sulfur oxide loading of the 105 vessels was five times higher than the emissions of the 558'000 in the city registered cars.
In Denmark, control areas for sulphur emissions, the ocean giant 18 issued-times more sulfur oxides than the 2.5 million in the country registered cars. In the case of nitrogen oxides the amount of 107 cruise Navy ships about half of the Danish car.
In the study, but were counted only with the cart to the regular diesel cars and no heavy load. It is also unclear whether the diesel scandal, the rigged fuel consumption figures have been taken into account. On the other hand, no commercial ships such as oil Tankers, container ships or freighters have been taken into account – they make up more than 90 percent of the world's fleets. In the cruise sector, however, there are "more improvements to implement," says Niels Jungbluth of the consulting company ESU-Services, "in addition, the ships are coming in every day in the port, therefore, these emissions are much more relevant".
country current Devices often lack
In the industry, things are moving. Heavy fuel oil is so far the most important fuel, but poorer by means of sulphur, for expensive marine diesel will be replaced. New ships such as the Aida Nova will be powered by alternative resources such as LPG.
to apply From 2020 onwards, new guidelines of the International Maritime Organization: It may be used only fuel with a sulfur content of 0.5 percent. Persistent Annoyance is the lack of energy supply through electricity, in order to reduce the burden on the environment. The industry Association CLIA emphasizes that today 55 ships have shore power Devices.
But Faig Abbasov of Transport & Environment, despite all the efforts to continue a high level of environmental pollution by sulfur oxides: It is about 30 years until all the older ships are replaced.
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Created: 16.06.2019, 17:23 PM