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Experts governments: professionals without restraint in the Parliament

In Austria is considered to occupy the position of Minister until elections are held with professionals with no party loyalty. In Italy has shown that It can wo

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Experts governments: professionals without restraint in the Parliament

In Austria is considered to occupy the position of Minister until elections are held with professionals with no party loyalty. In Italy has shown that It can work - but only if the Parliament cooperates.

Italy knows this: whenever the country is in a deep crisis, the Reflex, a government of Experts ranzulassen. The last Time was last year. After the parliamentary elections that yielded no clear majority of officers state President Sergio Mattarella the Economics Professor Carlo Cottarelli, a Cabinet of experts to Italy in difficult times a guide.

But Cottarelli failed on the Central issue that a government of Experts has always been: you smart also operates, needs you for every little decision, a majority in the Parliament. Beginning with the vote of confidence. And, here, the parties were the experts Cottarelli by the outstretched Arm starve to death.

As the expert came, as the state went to President: Carlo Azeglio Ciampi

nominated No parliamentary majority, no Power at all

Although the President of the state, could Cottarelli in day-long discussions with the party leaders to organize a reliable majority in the Parliament. Frustrated Cottarelli gave back his government job.

The expert pleaded for stability reasons, then for political government: "The formation of a political government is far and away the better solution for the country. Also to uncertainties, to avoid which would mean in the case of a Failure of a government of Experts elections."

The Cabinet Ciampi Savior of the state budget

collected Here, Italy has in the recent past, positive experiences with experts in governments. An almost mythical reputation as the mother of all experts, governments in Italy, the Cabinet of Ministers Ciampi has. As Italy in 1993, after the Tangentopoli-scandal is the most serious political crisis since the second world war and lived in the state budget squeezed by the burden of debt is always harder, took over the presidency of the prestigious head of the Italian Central Bank, the Minister. Carlo Azeglio Ciampi, has prevented, with his Cabinet, a complete crash of the country.

professionals - in demand with unpopular decisions

home Renovator, and Savior: Mario Monti, Prime Minister of Italy from 2011 to 2013.

it was Similar two years later, with Lamberto Dini, the Director-General of the Central Bank, the head of government was. The Dini pension reform decided also secured Italy's System of old-age pension to Survive, but for many Italians, due to the impact of the cuts to date, a red cloth.

Mario Monti - the renovators

Necessary, but painful, and thus the choice of the people unpopular reforms - this is a recurring pattern of Italian experts, governments. Last seen at the government of Mario Monti, the prevented with a strict budgetary policy in the crisis the collapse of the Italian state finances and the Italians also cuts expected.

Monti himself said in his inaugural self-confident: "I believe that the be Protected depends on a government of its ability to act effectively and to explain to their citizens and Parliament on the effect of their actions."

experts, governments have a short half-life

What was with all the experts, governments in Italy, no more than the half of the truth. Often, the parties leaving it to the experts, the rudder only, in order to survive times of crisis and unpopular reforms - and deprived of the support in the Parliament, if the polls predicted opportunities for the private stock process. The experts governments have always been governments with a short half-life.

However, The experts at the top found in their time in the Premiership quite Like the game with the political Power. Ciampi, Dini and Monti - all three remained even after the end of their governments in the policy. Dini and Monti founded his own, less successful parties. Ciampi, later became state President. One of the most successful and popular of all.

help in the crisis? Italy's experience with government of Experts
Jörg Seisselberg, ARD Rome
21.05.2019 19:42 PM

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